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Phylogenetics and phylogeography

Section edited by Craig Moritz and Herve Philippe

This section considers studies in the phylogeny and phylogeography of organisms.

Page 1 of 12

  1. Ecdysozoa are the moulting protostomes, including arthropods, tardigrades, and nematodes. Both the molecular and fossil records indicate that Ecdysozoa is an ancient group originating in the terminal Proterozo...

    Authors: Richard J. Howard, Gregory D. Edgecombe, Xiaomei Shi, Xianguang Hou and Xiaoya Ma

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:156

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Parasitoidism, a specialized life strategy in which a parasite eventually kills its host, is frequently found within the insect order Hymenoptera (wasps, ants and bees). A parasitoid lifestyle is one of two do...

    Authors: Bonnie B. Blaimer, Dietrich Gotzek, Seán G. Brady and Matthew L. Buffington

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:155

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Climatic and topographic changes function as key drivers in shaping genetic structure and cladogenic radiation in many organisms. Southern Africa has an exceptionally diverse tortoise fauna, harbouring one-thi...

    Authors: Zhongning Zhao, Neil Heideman, Phillip Bester, Adriaan Jordaan and Margaretha D. Hofmeyr

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:153

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Although the processes of co-evolution between parasites and their hosts are well known, evidence of co-speciation remains scarce. Microsporidian intracellular parasites, due to intimate relationships with the...

    Authors: Adrien Quiles, Rémi A. Wattier, Karolina Bacela-Spychalska, Michal Grabowski and Thierry Rigaud

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:149

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Austropotamobius torrentium is a freshwater crayfish species native to central and south-eastern Europe, with an intricate evolutionary history and the highest genetic diversity recorded in the northern-central D...

    Authors: Leona Lovrenčić, Lena Bonassin, Ljudevit Luka Boštjančić, Martina Podnar, Mišel Jelić, Göran Klobučar, Martina Jaklič, Valentina Slavevska-Stamenković, Jelena Hinić and Ivana Maguire

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:146

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Phylogenetic relationships among the myriapod subgroups Chilopoda, Diplopoda, Symphyla and Pauropoda are still not robustly resolved. The first phylogenomic study covering all subgroups resolved phylogenetic r...

    Authors: Nikolaus U. Szucsich, Daniela Bartel, Alexander Blanke, Alexander Böhm, Alexander Donath, Makiko Fukui, Simon Grove, Shanlin Liu, Oliver Macek, Ryuichiro Machida, Bernhard Misof, Yasutaka Nakagaki, Lars Podsiadlowski, Kaoru Sekiya, Shigekazu Tomizuka, Björn M. Von Reumont…

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:144

    Content type: Research article

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  7. The three-spined stickleback (Gasterosteus aculeatus) is a remarkable system to study the genetic mechanisms underlying parallel evolution during the transition from marine to freshwater habitats. Although the ma...

    Authors: Ryo Kakioka, Seiichi Mori, Tomoyuki Kokita, Takuya K. Hosoki, Atsushi J. Nagano, Asano Ishikawa, Manabu Kume, Atsushi Toyoda and Jun Kitano

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:143

    Content type: Research article

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  8. The Drosophilidae family is traditionally divided into two subfamilies: Drosophilinae and Steganinae. This division is based on morphological characters, and the two subfamilies have been treated as monophylet...

    Authors: Guilherme Rezende Dias, Eduardo Guimarães Dupim, Thyago Vanderlinde, Beatriz Mello and Antonio Bernardo Carvalho

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:141

    Content type: Research article

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  9. The aragonite shelled, planktonic gastropod family Atlantidae (shelled heteropods) is likely to be one of the first groups to be impacted by imminent ocean changes, including ocean warming and ocean acidificat...

    Authors: Deborah Wall-Palmer, Arie W. Janssen, Erica Goetze, Le Qin Choo, Lisette Mekkes and Katja T. C. A. Peijnenburg

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:124

    Content type: Research article

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  10. As global change and anthropogenic pressures continue to increase, conservation and management increasingly needs to consider species’ potential to adapt to novel environmental conditions. Therefore, it is imp...

    Authors: Erica S. Nielsen, Romina Henriques, Maria Beger, Robert J. Toonen and Sophie von der Heyden

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:121

    Content type: Research article

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  11. The Chinese Isoetes L. are distributed in a stairway pattern: diploids in the high altitude and polyploids in the low altitude. The allopolyploid I. sinensis and its diploid parents I. yunguiensis and I. taiwanen...

    Authors: Xiaokang Dai, Xiang Li, Yuqian Huang and Xing Liu

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:118

    Content type: Research article

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  12. The distribution of genetic diversity and the underlying processes are important for conservation planning but are unknown for most species and have not been well studied in many regions. In East Asia, the Sic...

    Authors: Yuchi Zheng, Qiang Dai, Xianguang Guo and Xiaomao Zeng

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:111

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Island systems offer excellent opportunities for studying the evolutionary histories of species by virtue of their restricted size and easily identifiable barriers to gene flow. However, most studies investiga...

    Authors: Simon T. Maddock, Ronald A. Nussbaum, Julia J. Day, Leigh Latta, Mark Miller, Debra L. Fisk, Mark Wilkinson, Sara Rocha, David J. Gower and Michael E. Pfrender

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:110

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Was there a mid-Cenozoic vertebrate extinction and recovery event in Madagascar and, if so, what are its implications for the evolution of lemurs? The near lack of an early and mid-Cenozoic fossil record on Ma...

    Authors: Laurie R. Godfrey, Karen E. Samonds, Justin W. Baldwin, Michael R. Sutherland, Jason M. Kamilar and Kristen L. Allfisher

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:97

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Old World porcupines (Family: Hystricidae) are the third-largest rodents and inhabit southern Europe, Asia, and most regions of Africa. They are a typical indicator of warm climate and their distribution is re...

    Authors: Guilian Sheng, Jiaming Hu, Haowen Tong, Bastien Llamas, Junxia Yuan, Xindong Hou, Shungang Chen, Bo Xiao and Xulong Lai

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:88

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Although phylogenomic analyses are increasingly used to reveal evolutionary relationships among ciliates, relatively few nuclear protein-coding gene markers have been tested for their suitability as candidates...

    Authors: Qi Zhang, Jiahui Xu, Alan Warren, Ran Yang, Zhuo Shen and Zhenzhen Yi

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:86

    Content type: Research article

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  17. We have described the diversity of complete mtDNA sequences from ‘relic’ groups of the Russian Far East, primarily the Nivkhi (who speak a language isolate with no clear relatedness to any others) and Oroki of...

    Authors: Stanislav V. Dryomov, Elena B. Starikovskaya, Azhar M. Nazhmidenova, Igor V. Morozov and Rem I. Sukernik

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:83

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Quaternary climate fluctuations are an engine of biotic diversification. Global cooling cycles, such as the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM), are known to have fragmented the ranges of higher-latitude fauna and flor...

    Authors: Kritika M. Garg, Balaji Chattopadhyay, Bonny Koane, Katerina Sam and Frank E. Rheindt

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:82

    Content type: Research article

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  19. The origin of turtles and crocodiles and their easily recognized body forms dates to the Triassic and Jurassic. Despite their long-term success, extant species diversity is low, and endangerment is extremely h...

    Authors: Timothy J. Colston, Pallavi Kulkarni, Walter Jetz and R. Alexander Pyron

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:81

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Tree squirrels (Sciuridae, Sciurini), in particular the highly diverse Neotropical lineages, are amongst the most rapidly diversifying branches of the mammal tree of life but also some of the least known. Negl...

    Authors: Edson Fiedler de Abreu-Jr, Silvia E. Pavan, Mirian T. N. Tsuchiya, Don E. Wilson, Alexandre R. Percequillo and Jesús E. Maldonado

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:77

    Content type: Research article

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  21. The New World Tropics has experienced a dynamic landscape across evolutionary history and harbors a high diversity of flora and fauna. While there are some studies addressing diversification in Neotropical ver...

    Authors: Melissa Sánchez-Herrera, Christopher D. Beatty, Renato Nunes, Camilo Salazar and Jessica L. Ware

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:74

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Disentangling the drivers of genetic differentiation is one of the cornerstones in evolution. This is because genetic diversity, and the way in which it is partitioned within and among populations across space...

    Authors: Antonio R. Castilla, Belén Méndez-Vigo, Arnald Marcer, Joaquín Martínez-Minaya, David Conesa, F. Xavier Picó and Carlos Alonso-Blanco

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:71

    Content type: Research article

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  23. The latest advancements in DNA sequencing technologies have facilitated the resolution of the phylogeny of insects, yet parts of the tree of Holometabola remain unresolved. The phylogeny of Neuropterida has be...

    Authors: Alexandros Vasilikopoulos, Bernhard Misof, Karen Meusemann, Doria Lieberz, Tomáš Flouri, Rolf G. Beutel, Oliver Niehuis, Torsten Wappler, Jes Rust, Ralph S. Peters, Alexander Donath, Lars Podsiadlowski, Christoph Mayer, Daniela Bartel, Alexander Böhm, Shanlin Liu…

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:64

    Content type: Research article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:133

  24. The black soldier fly (Diptera: Stratiomyidae, Hermetia illucens) is renowned for its bioconversion ability of organic matter, and is the worldwide most widely used source of insect protein. Despite varying exten...

    Authors: Gunilla Ståhls, Rudolf Meier, Christoph Sandrock, Martin Hauser, Ljiljana Šašić Zorić, Elina Laiho, Andrea Aracil, Jovana Doderović, Rozane Badenhorst, Phira Unadirekkul, Nur Arina Binte Mohd Adom, Leo Wein, Cameron Richards, Jeffery K. Tomberlin, Santos Rojo, Sanja Veselić…

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:60

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Photosymbiotic associations between metazoan hosts and photosynthetic dinoflagellates are crucial to the trophic and structural integrity of many marine ecosystems, including coral reefs. Although extensive ef...

    Authors: Jingchun Li, Sarah Lemer, Lisa Kirkendale, Rüdiger Bieler, Colleen Cavanaugh and Gonzalo Giribet

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:50

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Distichodus is a clade of tropical freshwater fishes currently comprising 25 named species distributed continent-wide throughout the Nilo-Sudan and most Sub-Saharan drainages. This study investigates the phylogen...

    Authors: Jairo Arroyave, John S. S. Denton and Melanie L. J. Stiassny

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:48

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Copepods are key components of aquatic ecosystems and can help regulate the global carbon cycle. Much attention has been paid to the species diversity of copepods worldwide, but the phylogeography and genetic ...

    Authors: Yijun Ni, Chike Chukwuenyem Ebido, Elijah Chibueze Odii, Jinhui Wang, Chinemerem Hodges Orakwelu, Francis Chukwuemeka Abonyi, Chinedu Innocent Ngene, Joseph Onyekwere Okoro, Patience Obiageli Ubachukwu, Wei Hu and Mingbo Yin

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:45

    Content type: Research article

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  28. The Mexican hand tree or Canac (Chiranthodendron pentadactylon) is a temperate tree species of cloud and pine-oak forests of southern Mexico and Guatemala. Its characteristic hand-shaped flower is used in folk me...

    Authors: Diana Gabriela Hernández-Langford, María Elena Siqueiros-Delgado and Eduardo Ruíz-Sánchez

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:44

    Content type: Research article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:94

  29. Advances in next-generation sequencing technologies have reduced the cost of whole transcriptome analyses, allowing characterization of non-model species at unprecedented levels. The rapid pace of transcriptom...

    Authors: Dustin J. Wcisel, J. Thomas Howard III, Jeffrey A. Yoder and Alex Dornburg

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:41

    Content type: Software

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  30. Most cinquefoils (Potentilla L., Rosaceae) are polyploids, ranging from tetraploid (4x) to dodecaploid (12x), diploids being a rare exception. Previous studies based on ribosomal and chloroplast data indicated th...

    Authors: Nannie L. Persson, Torsten Eriksson and Jenny E. E. Smedmark

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:38

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Various ecological groups of earthworms very likely constitute sharply isolated niches that might permit speciation of their symbiotic ciliates, even though no distinct morphological features appear to be reco...

    Authors: Tomáš Obert and Peter Vďačný

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:37

    Content type: Research article

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  32. The family Aegisthidae is known as typical component of deep-sea hyperbenthic waters that gradually colonized other marine environments. The phylogenetic relationships within this family have been examined her...

    Authors: Sahar Khodami, Nancy F. Mercado-Salas and Pedro Martìnez Arbizu

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:36

    Content type: Research article

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  33. In recent years, Ecuador and other South American countries have experienced an increase in arboviral diseases. A rise in dengue infections was followed by introductions of chikungunya and Zika, two viruses ne...

    Authors: Irina Maljkovic Berry, Wiriya Rutvisuttinunt, Rachel Sippy, Efrain Beltran-Ayala, Katherine Figueroa, Sadie Ryan, Abhinaya Srikanth, Anna M. Stewart-Ibarra, Timothy Endy and Richard G. Jarman

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:31

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Crocidura, the most speciose mammalian genus, occurs across much of Asia, Europe and Africa. The taxonomy of Chinese representatives has been studied primarily based on cursory morphological comparisons and their...

    Authors: Shunde Chen, Jiao Qing, Zhu Liu, Yang Liu, Mingkun Tang, Robert W. Murphy, Yingting Pu, Xuming Wang, Keyi Tang, Keji Guo, Xuelong Jiang and Shaoying Liu

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:29

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Climatic variation and geologic change both play significant roles in shaping species distributions, thus affecting their evolutionary history. In Sahara-Sahel, climatic oscillations shifted the desert extent ...

    Authors: Ana Filipa Moutinho, Nina Serén, Joana Paupério, Teresa Luísa Silva, Fernando Martínez-Freiría, Graciela Sotelo, Rui Faria, Tapio Mappes, Paulo Célio Alves, José Carlos Brito and Zbyszek Boratyński

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:26

    Content type: Research article

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  36. The flat periwinkles, Littorina fabalis and L. obtusata, are two sister species widely distributed throughout the Northern Atlantic shores with high potential to inform us about the process of ecological speciati...

    Authors: Graciela Sotelo, Mårten Duvetorp, Diana Costa, Marina Panova, Kerstin Johannesson and Rui Faria

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:23

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Polyplacophora, or chitons, have long fascinated malacologists for their distinct and rather conserved morphology and lifestyle compared to other mollusk classes. However, key aspects of their phylogeny and ev...

    Authors: Iker Irisarri, Juan E. Uribe, Douglas J. Eernisse and Rafael Zardoya

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:22

    Content type: Research article

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  38. The current Brazilian population is the product of centuries of admixture between intercontinental founding groups. Although previous results have revealed a heterogeneous distribution of mitochondrial lineage...

    Authors: Ana Paula Schaan, Leonor Gusmão, Juliana Jannuzzi, Antonio Modesto, Marcos Amador, Diego Marques, Silvia Helena Rabenhorst, Raquel Montenegro, Thayson Lopes, France Keiko Yoshioka, Giovanny Pinto, Sidney Santos, Lorenna Costa, Vivian Silbiger and Ândrea Ribeiro-dos-Santos

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:15

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Early Cambrian Lagerstätten from China have greatly enriched our perspective on the early evolution of animals, particularly arthropods. However, recent studies have shown that many of these early fossil arthr...

    Authors: Cédric Aria, Fangchen Zhao, Han Zeng, Jin Guo and Maoyan Zhu

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:4

    Content type: Research article

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  40. The biodiversity and distributions of terrestrial snails at local and regional scales are influenced by their low vagility and microhabitat specificity. The accessibility of large-bodied species and their char...

    Authors: Z. W. Dempsey, C. P. Goater and T. M. Burg

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:3

    Content type: Research article

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  41. Regions within the nuclear ribosomal operon are a major tool for inferring evolutionary relationships and investigating diversity in fungi. In spite of the prevalent use of ribosomal markers in fungal research...

    Authors: Michael Bradshaw, Felix Grewe, Anne Thomas, Cody H. Harrison, Hanna Lindgren, Lucia Muggia, Larry L. St. Clair, H. Thorsten Lumbsch and Steven D. Leavitt

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:2

    Content type: Research article

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  42. African annual killifishes (Nothobranchius spp.) are adapted to seasonally desiccating habitats (ephemeral pools), surviving dry periods as dormant eggs. Given their peculiar life history, geographic aspects of t...

    Authors: Veronika Bartáková, Béla Nagy, Matej Polačik, Radim Blažek, Hieromin Lamtane and Martin Reichard

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2020 20:1

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Mesoamerica is a remarkable region with a high geological and ecological complexity. Within northern Mesoamerica, the biotic province of the Sierra Madre del Sur (SMS) in southwestern Mexico harbors exceptiona...

    Authors: Alberto Rocha-Méndez, Luis A. Sánchez-González, Clementina González and Adolfo G. Navarro-Sigüenza

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:237

    Content type: Research article

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  44. Understanding the phylogenetic relationships among species is one of the main goals of systematic biology. Simultaneously, credible phylogenetic hypotheses are often the first requirement for unveiling the evo...

    Authors: Russell J. S. Orr, Marianne N. Haugen, Björn Berning, Philip Bock, Robyn L. Cumming, Wayne K. Florence, Masato Hirose, Emanuela Di Martino, Mali H. Ramsfjell, Maja M. Sannum, Abigail M. Smith, Leandro M. Vieira, Andrea Waeschenbach and Lee Hsiang Liow

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:235

    Content type: Research article

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  45. Attributes of pest species like host range are frequently reported as being evolutionarily constrained and showing phylogenetic signal. Because these attributes in turn could influence the abundance and impact...

    Authors: Peng-Yu Jin, Jing-Tao Sun, Ary Hoffmann, Yan-Fei Guo, Jin-Cheng Zhou, Yu-Xi Zhu, Lei Chen and Xiao-Yue Hong

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:223

    Content type: Research article

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  46. The coincidence of long distance dispersal (LDD) and biome shift is assumed to be the result of a multifaceted interplay between geographical distance and ecological suitability of source and sink areas. Here,...

    Authors: Michael D. Pirie, Martha Kandziora, Nicolai M. Nürk, Nicholas C. Le Maitre, Ana Mugrabi de Kuppler, Berit Gehrke, Edward G. H. Oliver and Dirk U. Bellstedt

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2019 19:222

    Content type: Research article

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