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  1. Leaf traits were affected by soil factors and displayed varietal differences in forest. However, few examples have been reported on the Island ecosystems. We comprehensively investigated 9 leaf traits (leaf le...

    Authors: Sen Tong, Juanjuan Zhang, Xueting Qiao, Buhang Li, Qiong Yang, Ping Hu and Shixiao Yu
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2024 24:43
  2. Species flocks in ancient lakes, and particularly those arising from adaptive radiation, make up the bulk of overall taxonomic and morphological diversity in these insular ecosystems. For these mostly young sp...

    Authors: Björn Stelbrink, Thomas von Rintelen, Ristiyanti M. Marwoto and Walter Salzburger
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2024 24:42
  3. Several studies suggested that cavefish populations of Astyanax mexicanus settled during the Late Pleistocene. This implies that the cavefish’s most conspicuous phenotypic changes, blindness and depigmentation, a...

    Authors: Maxime Policarpo, Laurent Legendre, Isabelle Germon, Philippe Lafargeas, Luis Espinasa, Sylvie Rétaux and Didier Casane
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2024 24:41
  4. Dinoflagellates play critical roles in the functioning of marine ecosystems but also may pose a hazard to human and ecosystem health by causing harmful algal blooms (HABs). The Coral Sea is a biodiversity hots...

    Authors: Megan Carve, Tahnee Manning, Aidyn Mouradov and Jeff Shimeta
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2024 24:38
  5. The mass occurrence of scyphozoan jellyfish severely affects marine ecosystems and coastal economies, and the study of blooming jellyfish population dynamics has emerged in response. However, traditional ecolo...

    Authors: Lijing Ye, Saijun Peng, Yuanqing Ma, Wenjing Zhang, Lei Wang, Xiyan Sun, Chen Zhang, Munjira Yeasmin, Jianmin Zhao and Zhijun Dong
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2024 24:37
  6. Sequence variation produced by mutation provides the ultimate source of natural selection for species adaptation. Unlike nonsynonymous mutation, synonymous mutations are generally considered to be selectively ...

    Authors: Oswald Nkurikiyimfura, Abdul Waheed, Hanmei Fang, Xiaoxian Yuan, Lixia Chen, Yan-Ping Wang, Guodong Lu, Jiasui Zhan and Lina Yang
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2024 24:36
  7. The Arnstadt Formation of Saxony-Anhalt, Germany has yielded some of Germany’s most substantial finds of Late Triassic tetrapods, including the sauropodomorph Plateosaurus and the stem-turtle Proganochelys quenst...

    Authors: Lisa S. Freisem, Johannes Müller, Hans-Dieter Sues and Gabriela Sobral
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2024 24:35
  8. The Middle Jurassic is an important time period for the evolutionary history of marine reptiles as it represented a transitional phase for many clades. Notably, in ichthyosaurs, many early parvipelvian taxa we...

    Authors: Feiko Miedema, Dylan Bastiaans, Torsten M. Scheyer, Christian Klug and Erin E. Maxwell
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2024 24:34
  9. Mechanical phenotyping of tumors, either at an individual cell level or tumor cell population level is gaining traction as a diagnostic tool. However, the extent of diagnostic and prognostic information that c...

    Authors: Zibah Mirzakhel, Gudur Ashrith Reddy, Jennifer Boman, Brianna Manns, Savannah ter Veer and Parag Katira
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2024 24:33
  10. The garfish Belone belone represents the only valid endemic Belone species for the Mediterranean Sea and the eastern Atlantic Ocean. It shows a wide global distribution range, with a high commercial value and eco...

    Authors: Claudio D’Iglio, Marco Albano, Sergio Famulari, Alex Carnevale, Serena Savoca, Nunziacarla Spanò and Gioele Capillo
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2024 24:31
  11. Gobio huanghensis is a small economic fish endemic to the Yellow River at the junction of the Tibetan Plateau and the Huangtu Plateau in China. To understand the impact of environmental changes and human activiti...

    Authors: Peilun Li, Jiacheng Liu, Yanbin Liu, Tai Wang, Kai Liu and Jilong Wang
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2024 24:30
  12. The African buffalo, Syncerus caffer, is a key species in African ecosystems. Like other large herbivores, it plays a fundamental role in its habitat acting as an ecosystem engineer. Over the last few centuries, ...

    Authors: Paolo Colangelo, Marika Di Civita, Carlos M. Bento, Paolo Franchini, Axel Meyer, Nadiya Orel, Luis C. B. G. das Neves, Fernando C. Mulandane, Joao S. Almeida, Gabriele Senczuk, Fabio Pilla and Simone Sabatelli
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2024 24:29
  13. Ecosystem Services Value (ESV) are the various beneficial functions and products that natural ecosystems provide to humans, and are important indicators for evaluating ecosystem conditions and human well-being...

    Authors: Qinyu Wu, Liya Yang and Jiaxin Mi
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2024 24:28
  14. Anadromy comprises a successful life-cycle adaptation for salmonids, with marine migration providing improved feeding opportunities and thus improved growth. These rewards are balanced against costs from incre...

    Authors: K. L. Hawley, H. A. Urke, T. Kristensen and T. O. Haugen
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2024 24:27
  15. Carbon and water use efficiencies (CUE and WUE, respectively) are vital indicators of the adaptability of plants to environmental conditions. However, the effects of grazing and climate change on the spatiotem...

    Authors: Xiaotao Huang, Geping Luo, Zhen Ma, Buqing Yao, Yangong Du and Yongsheng Yang
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2024 24:26
  16. Human-commensal species often display deep ancestral genetic structure within their native range and founder-effects and/or evidence of multiple introductions and admixture in newly established areas. We inves...

    Authors: Benjamin R. Karin, Michael Lough-Stevens, Te-En Lin, Sean B. Reilly, Anthony J. Barley, Indraneil Das, Djoko T. Iskandar, Evy Arida, Todd R. Jackman, Jimmy A. McGuire and Aaron M. Bauer
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2024 24:25
  17. The mechanosensory lateral line system is an important sensory modality in fishes, informing multiple behaviours related to survival including finding food and navigating in dark environments. Given its ecolog...

    Authors: Duncan E. Edgley, Madeleine Carruthers, Nestory P. Gabagambi, Andrew D. Saxon, Alan M. Smith, Domino A. Joyce, Grégoire Vernaz, M. Emília Santos, George F. Turner and Martin J. Genner
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2024 24:24
  18. Biological adaptation manifests itself at the interface of different biologically relevant ‘levels’, such as ecology, performance, and morphology. Integrated studies at this interface are scarce due to practic...

    Authors: Patricia Berles, Jan Wölfer, Fabio Alfieri, Léo Botton-Divet, Jean-Pascal Guéry and John A. Nyakatura
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2024 24:22
  19. The origin of variation is of central interest in evolutionary biology. Maternal mRNAs govern early embryogenesis in many animal species, and we investigated the possibility that heterogeneity in maternal mRNA...

    Authors: Atsuko Sato, Yukie Mihirogi, Christine Wood, Yutaka Suzuki, Manuela Truebano and John Bishop
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2024 24:21
  20. Describing geographical variation in morphology of organisms in combination with data on genetic differentiation and biogeography can provide important information on how natural selection shapes such variatio...

    Authors: Y. Yildirim, D. Kristensson, D. Outomuro, D. Mikolajewski, P. Rödin Mörch, S. Sniegula and F. Johansson
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2024 24:19
  21. During evolution, genes can experience duplications, losses, inversions and gene conversions. Why certain genes are more dynamic than others is poorly understood. Here we examine how several Sgs genes encoding gl...

    Authors: Manon Monier, Isabelle Nuez, Flora Borne and Virginie Courtier-Orgogozo
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2024 24:18
  22. The quality of swans' nutrition at spring migration stopovers is important for their successful breeding. It is of great interest to study the differences in nutrition of different swan species when sharing th...

    Authors: Sergei A. Kouzov, Anna V. Kravchuk, Elena M. Koptseva, Yulia I. Gubelit, Elmira M. Zaynagutdinova and Evgeny V. Abakumov
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2024 24:17

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Ecology and Evolution 2024 24:23

  23. Studies on pathological fossil bones have allowed improving the knowledge of physiology and ecology, and consequently the life history of extinct organisms. Among extinct vertebrates, non-avian dinosaurs have ...

    Authors: Mattia A. Baiano, Ignacio A. Cerda, Filippo Bertozzo and Diego Pol
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2024 24:6
  24. Superposition, i.e. the ability of a particle (electron, photon) to occur in different states or positions simultaneously, is a hallmark in the subatomic world of quantum mechanics. Although counterintuitive a...

    Authors: David G. Angeler and Hannah B. Fried-Petersen
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2024 24:15
  25. Genome sequencing is a powerful tool to understand species evolutionary history, uncover genes under selection, which could be informative of local adaptation, and infer measures of genetic diversity, inbreedi...

    Authors: Tom van der Valk, Axel Jensen, Damien Caillaud and Katerina Guschanski
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2024 24:14
  26. In the evolution from unicellular to multicellular life forms, natural selection favored reduced cell proliferation and even programmed cell death if this increased organismal fitness. Could reduced individual...

    Authors: Hannah Chapman, Kuei Ching Hsiung, Isadora Rawlinson, Evgeniy R. Galimov and David Gems
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2024 24:13
  27. Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) underwent significant population declines across much of northwest Europe during the mid-to-late Holocene and was thought to have become extirpated in Ireland from about 400 AD. H...

    Authors: Samuel Belton, Philippe Cubry, Jenni R. Roche and Colin T. Kelleher
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2024 24:12
  28. Abrupt environmental changes can lead to evolutionary shifts in trait evolution. Identifying these shifts is an important step in understanding the evolutionary history of phenotypes. The detection performance...

    Authors: Wensha Zhang, Toby Kenney and Lam Si Tung Ho
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2024 24:11
  29. Artificial light at night, also referred to as light pollution (LP), has been shown to affect many organisms. However, little is known about the extent to which ecological interactions between earthworms and p...

    Authors: Marion Mittmannsgruber, Zenia Kavassilas, Bernhard Spangl, Edith Gruber, Elias Jagg and Johann G. Zaller
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2024 24:10
  30. Poor agricultural practices have drastically threatened insect pollinators’ biodiversity. Little is known in Tanzania about how different agricultural practices affect pollinators’ foraging behavior. This stud...

    Authors: Elvillah William Rweyemamu, Maulid Walad Mwatawala, George Muhamba Tryphone, Marc De Meyer, Sija Kabota and Patroba Masatu Bwire
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2024 24:9
  31. Barks play an important role in interspecific communication between dogs and humans, by allowing a reliable perception of the inner state of dogs for human listeners. However, there is growing concern in socie...

    Authors: Péter Pongrácz, Csenge Anna Lugosi, Luca Szávai, Atina Gengeliczky, Nikolett Jégh-Czinege and Tamás Faragó
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2024 24:8
  32. The diversity and population genetic structure of many species have been shaped by historical and contemporary climatic changes. For the species of the South American Altiplano, the historical climatic changes...

    Authors: Moisés A. Valladares, Alejandra A. Fabres, Fernanda Sánchez-Rodríguez, Gonzalo A. Collado and Marco A. Méndez
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2024 24:5
  33. Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd) and Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans (Bsal) are two pathogenic fungi that are a significant threat to amphibian communities worldwide. European populations are strongly impac...

    Authors: David Porco, Chanistya Ayu Purnomo, Liza Glesener, Roland Proess, Stéphanie Lippert, Kevin Jans, Guy Colling, Simone Schneider, Raf Stassen and Alain C. Frantz
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2024 24:4
  34. Macro-benthic communities on the shallowest soft bottoms are impacted by hydraulic dredgers used for the harvesting of the striped venus clam (Chamelea gallina). Changes in macro-benthic assemblages were analysed...

    Authors: Roberto Carlucci, Giulia Cipriano, Daniela Cascione, Maurizio Ingrosso, Enrico Barbone, Nicola Ungaro and Pasquale Ricci
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2024 24:3
  35. Foskett Spring in Oregon’s desert harbors a historically threatened population of Western Speckled Dace (Rhinichthys klamathensis). Though recently delisted, the dace’s recruitment depends upon regular removal of...

    Authors: Brian L. Sidlauskas, Samarth Mathur, Hakan Aydoğan, Fred R. Monzyk and Andrew N. Black
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2024 24:2
  36. Habitat niches of fish species can exert a strong influence on population structure, even on a small geographical scale. In this scope, Pelasgus thesproticus is a great model species to study connectivity in rive...

    Authors: Paul Meulenbroek, Manuel Curto, Paria Priglinger, Kurt Pinter, Spase Shumka, Wolfram Graf, Fritz Schiemer and Harald Meimberg
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2024 24:1
  37. Anthropogenic habitat change is occurring rapidly, and organisms can respond through within-generation responses that improve the match between their phenotype and the novel conditions they encounter. But, pla...

    Authors: Gabrielle T. Welsh, Sophia C. Anner, Mary L. Westwood, Victoria Rockwell, Hannah O’Toole, Megan Holiday and Robin M. Tinghitella
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2023 23:78
  38. Vertebrate brains show extensive variation in relative size. The expensive brain hypothesis argues that one important source of this variation is linked to a species’ ability to generate the energy required to...

    Authors: Zitan Song, Michael Griesser, Caroline Schuppli and Carel P. van Schaik
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2023 23:77
  39. Despite recent advances, reliable tools to simultaneously handle different types of sequencing data (e.g., target capture, genome skimming) for phylogenomics are still scarce. Here, we evaluate the performance...

    Authors: Mustafa Raza, Edgardo M. Ortiz, Lea Schwung, Gentaro Shigita and Hanno Schaefer
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2023 23:75
  40. The Hengduan Mountains (HDM) are one of the major global biodiversity hotspots in the world. Several evolutionary scenarios, especially in-situ diversification, have been proposed to account for the high species ...

    Authors: Yixuan Kou, Dengmei Fan, Shanmei Cheng, Yi Yang, Meixia Wang, Yujin Wang and Zhiyong Zhang
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2023 23:74
  41. Osyris lanceolata (Hochst. & Steud.) (Santalaceae) is a multipurpose plant highly valued culturally and economically in Africa. However, O. lanceolata populations have rapidly dwindled in East Africa due to overe...

    Authors: Ben Belden Mugula, S. F. Omondi, Manuel Curto, Samuel Kuria Kiboi, James Ireri Kanya, Anthony Egeru, Paul Okullo and Harald Meimberg
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2023 23:73
  42. This study explores the age, growth, and energy storage of Triplophysa rosa, a troglobitic cavefish. A total of 102 wild T. rosa specimens were collected in Wulong County, Chongqing, China, between 2018 and 2022,...

    Authors: Yuan Xu, Yangyang Jing, Jing Zhou, Rui Long, Juanzhu Meng, Ya Yang and Yiping Luo
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2023 23:72

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