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  1. Biodiversity in freshwater ecosystems is declining due to an increased anthropogenic footprint. Freshwater crayfish are keystone species in freshwater ecosystems and play a crucial role in shaping the structur...

    Authors: Lena Bonassin, Lucian Pârvulescu, Ljudevit Luka Boštjančić, Caterina Francesconi, Judith Paetsch, Christelle Rutz, Odile Lecompte and Kathrin Theissinger
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2024 24:78
  2. Understanding biodiversity patterns is a central topic in biogeography and ecology, and it is essential for conservation planning and policy development. Diversity estimates that consider the evolutionary rela...

    Authors: Vladimir Mikryukov, Kessy Abarenkov, Shawn Laffan, Tim Robertson, Emily Jane McTavish, Thomas Stjernegaard Jeppesen, John Waller, Matthew Blissett, Urmas Kõljalg and Joseph T. Miller
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2024 24:76
  3. The parallel evolution of similar traits or species provides strong evidence for the role of natural selection in evolution. Traits or species that evolved repeatedly can be driven by separate de novo mutation...

    Authors: Fang-Dong Geng, Miao-Qing Liu, Xue-Dong Zhang, Lu-Zhen Wang and Meng-Fan Lei
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2024 24:75
  4. The geographic patterns of plant diversity in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau (QTP) have been widely studied, but few studies have focused on wetland plants. This study quantified the geographic patterns of wetland ...

    Authors: Yigang Li, Fan Liu, Yadong Zhou, Xing Liu and Qingfeng Wang
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2024 24:74
  5. Monitoring mollusk biodiversity is a great challenge due to their large diversity and broad distribution. Environmental DNA (eDNA) technology is increasingly applied for biodiversity monitoring, but relevant s...

    Authors: Xiaojing Shi, Yihui Jiang, Ling Cao and Cong Zeng
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2024 24:73
  6. Ctenoluciidae is a Neotropical freshwater fish family composed of two genera, Ctenolucius (C. beani and C. hujeta) and Boulengerella (B. cuvieri, B. lateristriga, B. lucius, B. maculata, and B. xyrekes), which pr...

    Authors: José Francisco de Sousa e Souza, Erika Milena Corrêa Guimarães, Vanessa Susan Pinheiro Figliuolo, Simone Cardoso Soares, Marcelo de Bello Cioffi, Francisco de Menezes Cavalcante Sassi and Eliana Feldberg
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2024 24:72
  7. Home range is a fundamental characteristic of an animal natural history. The study of home range provides information on the sites where organisms forage for food, find shelter, or locate mates. Home range siz...

    Authors: Ivette Enríquez-Mercado, Taggert G. Butterfield, Rafael Aguilar-Romero and Rodrigo Macip-Ríos
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2024 24:71
  8. Selection of climate-change adapted ecotypes of commercially valuable species to date relies on DNA-assisted screening followed by growth trials. For trees, such trials can take decades, hence any approach tha...

    Authors: Marieke Wesselkamp, David R. Roberts and Carsten F. Dormann
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2024 24:70
  9. Anthropogenic impacts on freshwater habitats are causing a recent biodiversity decline far greater than that documented for most terrestrial ecosystems. However, knowledge and description of freshwater biodive...

    Authors: Alexandra Schoenle, Dominik Scepanski, Alexander Floß, Pascal Büchel, Ann-Kathrin Koblitz, Anja Scherwaß, Hartmut Arndt and Ann-Marie Waldvogel
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2024 24:69
  10. The ecology and biology of oysters (Ostreidae) across the tropics is poorly understood. Morphological plasticity and shared characteristics among oysters have resulted in the misidentification of species, crea...

    Authors: Marina A. Richardson, Nikolina Nenadic, Max Wingfield and Carmel McDougall
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2024 24:67
  11. Dorcus stag beetles in broad sense are one of the most diverse group in Lucanidae and important saproxylic insects playing a crucial role in nutrient recycling and forest biomonitoring. However, the dazzling morp...

    Authors: Muhammad Jafir, Liyang Zhou, Yongjing Chen and Xia Wan
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2024 24:66
  12. Classical matrix game models aim to find the endpoint of behavioural evolution for a set of fixed possible interaction outcomes. Here, we introduce an evolutionary model in which not only the players’ strategi...

    Authors: Balázs Király, Tamás Varga, György Szabó and József Garay
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2024 24:65
  13. Flying foxes of the genus Pteropus, especially those inhabiting islands, face increasing pressure from anthropogenic threats. A first step to implementing effective conservation actions is to establish monitoring...

    Authors: Isabella Mandl, Amelaid Houmadi, Ishaka Said, Badrane Ben Ali Abdou, Nastazia Mohamed, Abdoulkader Fardane, Samirou Soulaïmana, Misbahou Mohamed, Ben Anthoy M. and Hugh Doulton
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2024 24:64
  14. Reintroduction represents an effective strategy for the conservation of endangered wildlife, yet it might inadvertently impact the native ecosystems. This investigation assesses the impact of reintroducing end...

    Authors: Yu Zhang, Jiawei Liu, Ke Zhang, Anqi Wang, Duishan Sailikebieke, Zexin Zhang, Tegen Ao, Liping Yan, Dong Zhang, Kai Li and Heqing Huang
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2024 24:61
  15. Foraging behavior in insects is optimised for locating scattered resources in a complex environment. This behavior can be exploited for use in pest control. Inhibition of feeding can protect crops whereas stim...

    Authors: K. Escobedo-Quevedo, M. J. Lankheet, I. Pen, M. Trienens, H. H. M. Helsen and B. Wertheim
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2024 24:60
  16. The study of thirty-two shed crowns from the Portezuelo Formation (middle Turonian-late Coniacian) at the Sierra del Portezuelo locality, reveals six distinct tooth morphotypes identified through cladistic, di...

    Authors: Jorge Gustavo Meso, Federico Gianechini, Kevin Leonel Gomez, Luciana Muci, Mattia Antonio Baiano, Diego Pol, Jonatan Kaluza, Alberto Garrido and Michael Pittman
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2024 24:59
  17. Karst caves serve as natural laboratories, providing organisms with extreme and constant conditions that promote isolation, resulting in a genetic relationship and living environment that is significantly diff...

    Authors: Likun Zhao, Ruoyi Xiao, Shanfeng Zhang, Chao Zhang and Feng Zhang
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2024 24:58
  18. Complex descriptions of new strains of cyanobacteria appear very frequently. The main importance of these descriptions concerns potential new substances that they could synthesise, as well as their different p...

    Authors: Bahareh Nowruzi, Lenka Hutarova, Dominika Vešelenyiova and James S. Metcalf
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2024 24:57
  19. Despite its implications for population dynamics and evolution, the relationship between genetic and phenotypic variation in wild populations remains unclear. Here, we estimated variation and plasticity in lif...

    Authors: Raul de la Mata, Almudena Mollá-Morales, Belén Méndez-Vigo, Rafael Torres-Pérez, Juan Carlos Oliveros, Rocío Gómez, Arnald Marcer, Antonio R. Castilla, Magnus Nordborg, Carlos Alonso-Blanco and F. Xavier Picó
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2024 24:56
  20. Sex differences in mitochondrial function have been reported in multiple tissue and cell types. Additionally, sex-variable responses to stressors including environmental pollutants and drugs that cause mitocho...

    Authors: Dillon E. King, A. Clare Sparling, Abigail S. Joyce, Ian T. Ryde, Beverly DeSouza, P. Lee Ferguson, Susan K. Murphy and Joel N. Meyer
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2024 24:55
  21. Bolete cultivation is economically and ecologically valuable. Ectomycorrhizae are advantageous for plant development and productivity. This study investigated how boletes affect the formation of Pinus thunbergii ...

    Authors: Qianwen Tan, Lunhe You, Chen Hao, Jianrui Wang and Yu Liu
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2024 24:54
  22. The eastern edge of the Qinghai‒Tibet Plateau (QTP) and subtropical China have various regions where plant species originate and thrive, but these regions have been the focus of very few integrative studies. H...

    Authors: Qing Dong, Yongle Zhang, Shengfu Zhong, Qiuyi Zhang, Hao Yang, Huai Yang, Xiaoxiao Yi, Feiquan Tan, Chen Chen and Peigao Luo
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2024 24:52
  23. Different patterns of sex chromosome differentiation are seen in Palaeognathae birds, a lineage that includes the ratites (Struthioniformes, Rheiformes, Apterygiformes, Casuariiformes, and the sister group Tin...

    Authors: Príncia Grejo Setti, Geize Aparecida Deon, Rodrigo Zeni dos Santos, Caio Augusto Gomes Goes, Analía Del Valle Garnero, Ricardo José Gunski, Edivaldo Herculano Corrêa de Oliveira, Fábio Porto-Foresti, Thales Renato Ochotorena de Freitas, Fábio Augusto Oliveira Silva, Thomas Liehr, Ricardo Utsunomia, Rafael Kretschmer and Marcelo de Bello Cioffi
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2024 24:51
  24. Land uses such as crop production, livestock grazing, mining, and urban development have contributed to degradation of drylands worldwide. Loss of big sagebrush (Artemisia tridentata) on disturbed drylands across...

    Authors: Elizabeth C. Bailey, Eric Thacker, Thomas A. Monaco and Kari E. Veblen
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2024 24:50
  25. Preingestive behavioral modulations of herbivorous insects on the host plant are abundant over insect taxa. Those behaviors are suspected to have functions such as deactivation of host plant defenses, nutrient...

    Authors: Min-Soo Choi, Juhee Lee, Jeong-Min Kim, Sang-Gyu Kim and Youngsung Joo
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2024 24:49
  26. Bursaphelenchus xylophilus (Steiner&Buhrer) Nickle is a global quarantine pest that causes devastating mortality in pine species. The rapid and uncontrollable parasitic spread of this organism results in substant...

    Authors: Yang Xiao, Qiqiang Guo, Na Xie, Gangyi Yuan, Mengyun Liao, Qin Gui and Guijie Ding
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2024 24:48
  27. Over the past decade, theory and observations have suggested intraspecific variation, trait-based differences within species, as a buffer against biodiversity loss from multiple environmental changes. This buf...

    Authors: Tessa de Bruin, Frederik De Laender, Julie Jadoul and Nicolas Schtickzelle
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2024 24:47
  28. Tooth replacement patterns of early-diverging ornithischians, which are important for understanding the evolution of the highly specialized dental systems in hadrosaurid and ceratopsid dinosaurs, are poorly kn...

    Authors: Jinfeng Hu, Xing Xu, Fuqiang Li and Fenglu Han
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2024 24:46
  29. Non-avialan theropod dinosaurs had diverse ecologies and varied skull morphologies. Previous studies of theropod cranial morphology mostly focused on higher-level taxa or characteristics associated with herbiv...

    Authors: Yuen Ting Tse, Case Vincent Miller and Michael Pittman
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2024 24:39
  30. A major goal in evolutionary biology is to understand the processes underlying phenotypic variation in nature. Commonly, studies have focused on large interconnected populations or populations found along stro...

    Authors: Camille A. Leblanc, Katja Räsänen, Michael Morrissey, Skúli Skúlason, Moira Ferguson and Bjarni K. Kristjánsson
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2024 24:45
  31. Leaf traits were affected by soil factors and displayed varietal differences in forest. However, few examples have been reported on the Island ecosystems. We comprehensively investigated 9 leaf traits (leaf le...

    Authors: Sen Tong, Juanjuan Zhang, Xueting Qiao, Buhang Li, Qiong Yang, Ping Hu and Shixiao Yu
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2024 24:43
  32. Species flocks in ancient lakes, and particularly those arising from adaptive radiation, make up the bulk of overall taxonomic and morphological diversity in these insular ecosystems. For these mostly young sp...

    Authors: Björn Stelbrink, Thomas von Rintelen, Ristiyanti M. Marwoto and Walter Salzburger
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2024 24:42
  33. Several studies suggested that cavefish populations of Astyanax mexicanus settled during the Late Pleistocene. This implies that the cavefish’s most conspicuous phenotypic changes, blindness and depigmentation, a...

    Authors: Maxime Policarpo, Laurent Legendre, Isabelle Germon, Philippe Lafargeas, Luis Espinasa, Sylvie Rétaux and Didier Casane
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2024 24:41
  34. Dinoflagellates play critical roles in the functioning of marine ecosystems but also may pose a hazard to human and ecosystem health by causing harmful algal blooms (HABs). The Coral Sea is a biodiversity hots...

    Authors: Megan Carve, Tahnee Manning, Aidyn Mouradov and Jeff Shimeta
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2024 24:38
  35. The mass occurrence of scyphozoan jellyfish severely affects marine ecosystems and coastal economies, and the study of blooming jellyfish population dynamics has emerged in response. However, traditional ecolo...

    Authors: Lijing Ye, Saijun Peng, Yuanqing Ma, Wenjing Zhang, Lei Wang, Xiyan Sun, Chen Zhang, Munjira Yeasmin, Jianmin Zhao and Zhijun Dong
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2024 24:37
  36. Sequence variation produced by mutation provides the ultimate source of natural selection for species adaptation. Unlike nonsynonymous mutation, synonymous mutations are generally considered to be selectively ...

    Authors: Oswald Nkurikiyimfura, Abdul Waheed, Hanmei Fang, Xiaoxian Yuan, Lixia Chen, Yan-Ping Wang, Guodong Lu, Jiasui Zhan and Lina Yang
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2024 24:36
  37. The Arnstadt Formation of Saxony-Anhalt, Germany has yielded some of Germany’s most substantial finds of Late Triassic tetrapods, including the sauropodomorph Plateosaurus and the stem-turtle Proganochelys quenst...

    Authors: Lisa S. Freisem, Johannes Müller, Hans-Dieter Sues and Gabriela Sobral
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2024 24:35
  38. The Middle Jurassic is an important time period for the evolutionary history of marine reptiles as it represented a transitional phase for many clades. Notably, in ichthyosaurs, many early parvipelvian taxa we...

    Authors: Feiko Miedema, Dylan Bastiaans, Torsten M. Scheyer, Christian Klug and Erin E. Maxwell
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2024 24:34
  39. Mechanical phenotyping of tumors, either at an individual cell level or tumor cell population level is gaining traction as a diagnostic tool. However, the extent of diagnostic and prognostic information that c...

    Authors: Zibah Mirzakhel, Gudur Ashrith Reddy, Jennifer Boman, Brianna Manns, Savannah ter Veer and Parag Katira
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2024 24:33
  40. The garfish Belone belone represents the only valid endemic Belone species for the Mediterranean Sea and the eastern Atlantic Ocean. It shows a wide global distribution range, with a high commercial value and eco...

    Authors: Claudio D’Iglio, Marco Albano, Sergio Famulari, Alex Carnevale, Serena Savoca, Nunziacarla Spanò and Gioele Capillo
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2024 24:31
  41. Gobio huanghensis is a small economic fish endemic to the Yellow River at the junction of the Tibetan Plateau and the Huangtu Plateau in China. To understand the impact of environmental changes and human activiti...

    Authors: Peilun Li, Jiacheng Liu, Yanbin Liu, Tai Wang, Kai Liu and Jilong Wang
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2024 24:30
  42. The African buffalo, Syncerus caffer, is a key species in African ecosystems. Like other large herbivores, it plays a fundamental role in its habitat acting as an ecosystem engineer. Over the last few centuries, ...

    Authors: Paolo Colangelo, Marika Di Civita, Carlos M. Bento, Paolo Franchini, Axel Meyer, Nadiya Orel, Luis C. B. G. das Neves, Fernando C. Mulandane, Joao S. Almeida, Gabriele Senczuk, Fabio Pilla and Simone Sabatelli
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2024 24:29
  43. Anadromy comprises a successful life-cycle adaptation for salmonids, with marine migration providing improved feeding opportunities and thus improved growth. These rewards are balanced against costs from incre...

    Authors: K. L. Hawley, H. A. Urke, T. Kristensen and T. O. Haugen
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2024 24:27

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