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  1. Multiple sequence alignments (MSAs) represent the fundamental unit of data inputted to most comparative sequence analyses. In phylogenetic analyses in particular, errors in MSA construction have the potential ...

    Authors: Stephanie J. Spielman and Molly L. Miraglia

    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:214

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  2. The islands in the Persian Gulf are home to several species of gazelles, i.e., Gazella bennettii, G. subgutturosa, and a new subspecies of Mountain gazelles which was discovered on Farur Island and described for ...

    Authors: Davoud Fadakar, Mojdeh Raam, Hannes Lerp, Ali Ostovar, Hamid Reza Rezaei and Eva V. Bärmann

    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:213

    Content type: Research

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  3. Trophic shifts from one dietary niche to another have played major roles in reshaping the evolutionary trajectories of a wide range of vertebrate groups, yet their consequences for morphological disparity and ...

    Authors: Vicente García-Navas, Joseph A. Tobias, Manuel Schweizer, Daniel Wegmann, Richard Schodde, Janette A. Norman and Les Christidis

    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:212

    Content type: Research

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  4. The contribution of North Africa to the assembly of biodiversity within the Western Palaearctic is still poorly documented. Since the Miocene, multiple biotic exchanges occurred across the Strait of Gibraltar,...

    Authors: Luis Machado, D. James Harris and Daniele Salvi

    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:210

    Content type: Research

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  5. Divergence time estimation is fundamental to understanding many aspects of the evolution of organisms, such as character evolution, diversification, and biogeography. With the development of sequence technolog...

    Authors: De Chen, Peter A. Hosner, Donna L. Dittmann, John P. O’Neill, Sharon M. Birks, Edward L. Braun and Rebecca T. Kimball

    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:209

    Content type: Research

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  6. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) play a crucial role in immunity and development. They contain leucine-rich repeat domains, one transmembrane domain, and one Toll/IL-1 receptor domain. TLRs have been classified into...

    Authors: Andrea Orús-Alcalde, Tsai-Ming Lu, Aina Børve and Andreas Hejnol

    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:208

    Content type: Research

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  7. Considering wild inter-populational phenotypic differentiation can facilitate domestication and subsequent production of new species. However, comparing all populations across a species range to identify those...

    Authors: Lola Toomey, Simon Dellicour, Andrzej Kapusta, Daniel Żarski, Frederik Buhrke, Sylvain Milla, Pascal Fontaine and Thomas Lecocq

    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:206

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  8. Biological evolution exhibits an extraordinary capability to adapt organisms to their environments. The explanation for this often takes for granted that random genetic variation produces at least some benefic...

    Authors: Miguel Brun-Usan, Alfredo Rago, Christoph Thies, Tobias Uller and Richard A. Watson

    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:205

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  9. To understand which reproductive barriers initiate speciation is a major question in evolutionary research. Despite their high species numbers and specific biology, there are only few studies on speciation in ...

    Authors: Pawel Malec, Justus Weber, Robin Böhmer, Marc Fiebig, Denise Meinert, Carolin Rein, Ronja Reinisch, Maik Henrich, Viktoria Polyvas, Marie Pollmann, Lea von Berg, Christian König and Johannes L. M. Steidle

    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:204

    Content type: Research

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  10. Sri Lanka is a continental island separated from India by the Palk Strait, a shallow-shelf sea, which was emergent during periods of lowered sea level. Its biodiversity is concentrated in its perhumid south-we...

    Authors: Hiranya Sudasinghe, Tharindu Ranasinghe, Jayampathi Herath, Kumudu Wijesooriya, Rohan Pethiyagoda, Lukas Rüber and Madhava Meegaskumbura

    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:203

    Content type: Research

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  11. Dinosaurs dominated terrestrial environments for over 100 million years due in part to innovative feeding strategies. Although a range of dental adaptations was present in Late Jurassic dinosaurs, it is unclea...

    Authors: Keegan M. Melstrom, Luis M. Chiappe and Nathan D. Smith

    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:202

    Content type: Research

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  12. Autotetraploid Carassius auratus (4n = 200, RRRR) (abbreviated as 4nRR) is derived from whole genome duplication of Carassius auratus red var. (2n = 100, RR) (abbreviated as RCC). Ribosome DNA (rDNA) is often use...

    Authors: Chun Zhao, Yuxin Zhang, Huan Qin, Chongqing Wang, Xu Huang, Li Yang, Tingting Yu, Xidan Xu, Xiang Luo, Qinbo Qin and Shaojun Liu

    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:201

    Content type: Research

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  13. Ecosystem restoration is as a critical tool to counteract the decline of biodiversity and recover vital ecosystem services. Restoration efforts, however, often fall short of meeting their goals. Although funct...

    Authors: Maarten Van Geel, Tsipe Aavik, Tobias Ceulemans, Sabrina Träger, Joachim Mergeay, Gerrit Peeters, Kasper van Acker, Martin Zobel, Kadri Koorem and Olivier Honnay

    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:200

    Content type: Research

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  14. In genus Rhinolophus, species in the Rhinolophus philippinensis and R. macrotis groups are unique because the horseshoe bats in these group have relatively low echolocation frequencies and flight speeds compared ...

    Authors: Lin Zhang, Keping Sun, Gábor Csorba, Alice Catherine Hughes, Longru Jin, Yanhong Xiao and Jiang Feng

    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:199

    Content type: Research

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  15. Previous studies have discussed the special structural adaptations of Late Palaeozoic lycopsids, for example, the dispersal potential of reproductive organs. Based on materials from the Upper Devonian Wutong F...

    Authors: Yi Zhou, De-Ming Wang, Le Liu and Pu Huang

    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:198

    Content type: Research

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  16. Quaternary climate fluctuations have been acknowledged as major drivers of the geographical distribution of the extraordinary biodiversity observed in tropical biomes, including Madagascar. The main existing f...

    Authors: Helena Teixeira, Jordi Salmona, Armando Arredondo, Beatriz Mourato, Sophie Manzi, Romule Rakotondravony, Olivier Mazet, Lounès Chikhi, Julia Metzger and Ute Radespiel

    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:197

    Content type: Research

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  17. Historical and ecological processes shape patterns of genetic diversity in plant species. Colonization to new environments and geographical landscape features determine, amongst other factors, genetic diversit...

    Authors: Gustavo A. Silva-Arias, Lina Caballero-Villalobos, Giovanna C. Giudicelli and Loreta B. Freitas

    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:196

    Content type: Research article

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  18. The boreal forest is one of the largest biomes on earth, supporting thousands of species. The global climate fluctuations in the Quaternary, especially the ice ages, had a significant influence on the distribu...

    Authors: Kai Song, Bin Gao, Peter Halvarsson, Yun Fang, Siegfried Klaus, Ying-Xin Jiang, Jon E. Swenson, Yue-Hua Sun and Jacob Höglund

    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:194

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Agroforestry is a production system combining trees with crops or livestock. It has the potential to increase biodiversity in relation to single-use systems, such as pastures or cropland, by providing a higher...

    Authors: Anne-Christine Mupepele, Matteo Keller and Carsten F. Dormann

    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:193

    Content type: Research article

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  20. The walnut family (Juglandaceae) contains commercially important woody trees commonly called walnut, wingnut, pecan and hickory. Phylogenetic relationships and diversification within the Juglandaceae are class...

    Authors: Huijuan Zhou, Yiheng Hu, Aziz Ebrahimi, Peiliang Liu, Keith Woeste, Peng Zhao and Shuoxin Zhang

    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:191

    Content type: Research article

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  21. In parasitism arm race processes and red queen dynamics between host and parasites reciprocally mold many aspects of their genetics and evolution. We performed a parallel assessment of population genetics and ...

    Authors: Brenda Solórzano-García, Ella Vázquez-Domínguez, Gerardo Pérez-Ponce de León and Daniel Piñero

    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:190

    Content type: Research

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  22. The ‘genetic diversity’ hypothesis posits that polyandry evolved as a mechanism to increase genetic diversity within broods. One extension of this hypothesis is the ‘genetic diversity for disease resistance’ h...

    Authors: D. M. Soper, A. K. E. Ekroth and M. J. F. Martins

    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:189

    Content type: Research

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  23. Industrial wastewater is a human health hazard upon exposure. Aquatic organisms in contaminated wastewater may accumulate the toxic elements with time. Human population living in informal settlements in Nairob...

    Authors: Geoffrey Kariuki Kinuthia, Veronica Ngure and Luna Kamau

    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:188

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Individuals can estimate risk by integrating prenatal with postnatal and personal information, but the relative importance of different information sources during the transgenerational response is unclear. The...

    Authors: Denis Meuthen, Maud C. O. Ferrari and Douglas P. Chivers

    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:187

    Content type: Research

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  25. Sympatric speciation along ecological gradients has been studied repeatedly, in particular in freshwater fishes. Rapid post-glacial ecological divergence has resulted in numerous endemic species or ecologicall...

    Authors: Thomas Mehner, Stefan Palm, Bo Delling, Juha Karjalainen, Jolanta Kiełpińska, Asja Vogt and Jörg Freyhof

    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:186

    Content type: Research

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  26. Natural selection can act on multiple genes in the same pathway, leading to polygenic adaptation. For example, adaptive changes were found to down-regulate six genes involved in ergosterol biosynthesis—an esse...

    Authors: Alexander F. Kern, Grace Xiaolu Yang, Neil M. Khosla, Roy Moh Lik Ang, Michael P. Snyder and Hunter B. Fraser

    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:185

    Content type: Research

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  27. Alligator lizards (Gerrhonotinae) are a well-known group of extant North American lizard. Although many fossils were previously referred to Gerrhonotinae, most of those fossils are isolated and fragmentary cra...

    Authors: Simon G. Scarpetta, David T. Ledesma and Christopher J. Bell

    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:184

    Content type: Research

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  28. The West Nile virus is a highly contagious agent for a wide range of hosts. Its spread in the Mediterranean region raises several questions about its origin and the risk factors underlying the virus’s dispersal.

    Authors: Haythem Srihi, Noureddine Chatti, Manel Ben Mhadheb, Jawhar Gharbi and Nabil Abid

    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:183

    Content type: Research

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  29. Chemical communication is an important aspect of the behavioural ecology of a wide range of mammals. In dogs and other carnivores, anal sac glands are thought to convey information to conspecifics by secreting...

    Authors: Sunita Janssenswillen, Kim Roelants, Sebastien Carpentier, Hilde de Rooster, Mieke Metzemaekers, Bram Vanschoenwinkel, Paul Proost and Franky Bossuyt

    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:182

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Evolutionary processes can cause strong spatial genetic signatures, such as local loss of genetic diversity, or conflicting histories from mitochondrial versus nuclear markers. Investigating these genetic patt...

    Authors: Junchen Deng, Giacomo Assandri, Pallavi Chauhan, Ryo Futahashi, Andrea Galimberti, Bengt Hansson, Lesley T. Lancaster, Yuma Takahashi, Erik I. Svensson and Anne Duplouy

    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:181

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Mangroves are tropical and subtropical intertidal forests colonising sheltered coasts across the world. They host a unique faunal community, dominated by brachyuran crabs and gastropods. These invertebrates st...

    Authors: Henrique Bravo, Christine L. Y. Cheng, Alessio Iannucci, Chiara Natali, Aline Quadros, Martin Rhodes, Matthew M. L. Yip, Stefano Cannicci and Sara Fratini

    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:180

    Content type: Research

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  32. Evolution of reproductive isolation is an important process, generating biodiversity and driving speciation. To better understand this process, it is necessary to investigate factors underlying reproductive is...

    Authors: Yukie Sato, Satoshi Fujiwara, Martijn Egas, Tomoko Matsuda and Tetsuo Gotoh

    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:177

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Homo sapiens have experienced admixture many times in the last few thousand years. To examine how admixture affects local adaptation, we investigated genomes of modern Polynesians, who are shaped through admixtur...

    Authors: Mariko Isshiki, Izumi Naka, Ryosuke Kimura, Nao Nishida, Takuro Furusawa, Kazumi Natsuhara, Taro Yamauchi, Minato Nakazawa, Takafumi Ishida, Tsukasa Inaoka, Yasuhiro Matsumura, Ryutaro Ohtsuka and Jun Ohashi

    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:179

    Content type: Research article

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  34. The potential of artificial selection to dramatically impact phenotypic diversity is well known. Large-scale morphological changes in domestic species, emerging over short timescales, offer an accelerated pers...

    Authors: Pauline Hanot, Jamsranjav Bayarsaikhan, Claude Guintard, Ashleigh Haruda, Enkhbayar Mijiddorj, Renate Schafberg and William Taylor

    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:178

    Content type: Research

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  35. Approximately 1000 protein encoding genes common for vertebrates are still unannotated in avian genomes. Are these genes evolutionary lost or are they not yet found for technical reasons? Using genome landscap...

    Authors: R. Huttener, L. Thorrez, T. In’t Veld, M. Granvik, L. Van Lommel, E. Waelkens, R. Derua, K. Lemaire, L. Goyvaerts, S. De Coster, J. Buyse and F. Schuit

    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:176

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Ambrosia artemisiifolia and Ambrosia trifida are globally distributed harmful and invasive weeds. High density clusters play an important role in their invasion. For these two species, the early settled populatio...

    Authors: Wenxuan Zhao, Tong Liu, Yan Liu, Hanyue Wang, Ruili Wang, Qianqian Ma, Hegan Dong and Xuyi Bi

    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:175

    Content type: Research

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  37. Plant communities of fragmented agricultural landscapes, are subject to patch isolation and scale-dependent effects. Variation in configuration, composition, and distance from one another affect biological pro...

    Authors: Michael McLeish, Adrián Peláez, Israel Pagán, Rosario Gavilán, Aurora Fraile and Fernando García-Arenal

    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:173

    Content type: Research article

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  38. One of the ecological impacts of exotic plant invasions may be alteration of the soil microbial community, which may cause changes to the diversity, richness and function of these communities. In order to expl...

    Authors: Nardi Torres, Ileana Herrera, Laurie Fajardo and Ramiro O. Bustamante

    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:172

    Content type: Research article

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  39. The host specificity and host range of the dry bean beetle, Acanthoscelides obtectus (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae, Bruchinae), a seed predator of beans, is poorly known. In addition, the female oviposition preferen...

    Authors: Árpád Szentesi

    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:171

    Content type: Research article

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  40. Studying the development of fitness related traits in hybrids from populations diverging in sympatry is a fundamental approach to understand the processes of speciation. However, such traits are often affected...

    Authors: Quentin J.-B. Horta-Lacueva, Sigurður S. Snorrason, Michael B. Morrissey, Camille A.-L. Leblanc and Kalina H. Kapralova

    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:170

    Content type: Research

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  41. The dominant Gasterophilus species in the desert steppe (Xinjiang, China) Gasterophilus pecorum poses a serious threat to the reintroduced Przewalski’s horses. We investigated the distribution pattern of G. pecor...

    Authors: Heqing Huang, Ke Zhang, Changliang Shao, Chen Wang, Make Ente, Zhenbiao Wang, Dong Zhang and Kai Li

    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:169

    Content type: Research article

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  42. Chinese grass shrimp (Palaemonetes sinensis) is an important species widely distributed throughout China, which is ecologically relevant and possesses ornamental and economic value. These organisms have experienc...

    Authors: Yingying Zhao, Xiaochen Zhu, Ye Jiang, Zhi Li, Xin Li, Weibin Xu, Hua Wei, Yingdong Li and Xiaodong Li

    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:167

    Content type: Research article

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  43. Sharks and rays are some of the most threatened marine taxa due to the high levels of bycatch and significant demand for meat and fin-related products in many Asian communities. At least 25% of shark and ray s...

    Authors: Yin Cheong Aden Ip, Jia Jin Marc Chang, Kelvin K. P. Lim, Zeehan Jaafar, Benjamin J. Wainwright and Danwei Huang

    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:166

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  44. Domestication alters several phenotypic, neurological, and physiological traits in domestic animals compared to those in their wild ancestors. Domestic ducks originated from mallards, and some studies have sho...

    Authors: Tao Zhu, Xin Qi, Yu Chen, Liang Wang, Xueze Lv, Weifang Yang, Jianwei Zhang, Kaiyang Li, Zhonghua Ning, Zhihua Jiang and Lujiang Qu

    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:165

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

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