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  1. The ability of overstory tree species to regenerate successfully is important for the preservation of tree species diversity and its associated flora and fauna. This study investigated forest regeneration dyna...

    Authors: Van Vien Pham, Christian Ammer, Peter Annighöfer and Steffi Heinrichs
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2022 22:6
  2. Under strong sexual selection, certain species evolve distinct intrasexual, alternative reproductive tactics (ARTs). In many cases, ARTs can be viewed as environmentally-cued threshold traits, such that ARTs c...

    Authors: Adam N. Zeeman, Isabel M. Smallegange, Emily Burdfield Steel, Astrid T. Groot and Kathryn A. Stewart
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2022 22:5
  3. Sexual signals produced by males play a central role in sexual selection, but the relationship between these traits and the quality of the bearer are often ambiguous. Secondary sexual traits may represent gene...

    Authors: Violette Chiara, Alberto Velando and Sin-Yeon Kim
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2022 22:4
  4. The teleost fish Fundulus heteroclitus inhabit estuaries heavily polluted with persistent and bioaccumulative chemicals. While embryos of parents from polluted sites are remarkably resistant to toxic sediment and...

    Authors: Goran Bozinovic, Zuying Feng, Damian Shea and Marjorie F. Oleksiak
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2022 22:3
  5. Visual opsins are expressed in the compound eyes and ocelli of insects and enable light detection. Three distinct phylogenetic groups of visual opsins are found in insects, named long (LW), short (SW) and ultr...

    Authors: Quentin Guignard, Jeremy D. Allison and Bernard Slippers
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2022 22:2
  6. The recent rise in cultivation-independent genome sequencing has provided key material to explore uncharted branches of the Tree of Life. This has been particularly spectacular concerning the Archaea, projecting ...

    Authors: Monique Aouad, Jean-Pierre Flandrois, Frédéric Jauffrit, Manolo Gouy, Simonetta Gribaldo and Céline Brochier-Armanet
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2022 22:1
  7. The soft-bodied cladobranch sea slugs represent roughly half of the biodiversity of marine nudibranch molluscs on the planet. Despite their global distribution from shallow waters to the deep sea, from tropica...

    Authors: Dario Karmeinski, Karen Meusemann, Jessica A. Goodheart, Michael Schroedl, Alexander Martynov, Tatiana Korshunova, Heike Wägele and Alexander Donath
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:226
  8. Hangadi watershed is endowed with the only virgin forest in Odo shakisso harbouring high biodiversity, but it has been suffered from anthropogenic activities. This study was conducted to investigate compositio...

    Authors: Berhanu Tamiru, Teshome Soromessa, Bikila Warkineh, Gudina Legesse and Merga Belina
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:225
  9. To set up successful conservation measures, detailed knowledge on the dispersal and colonization capacities of the focal species and connectivity between populations is of high relevance. We developed species-...

    Authors: Annelore De Ro, An Vanden Broeck, Leen Verschaeve, Ilf Jacobs, Filiep T’Jollyn, Hans Van Dyck and Dirk Maes
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:224
  10. Wnt genes code for ligands that activate signaling pathways during development in Metazoa. Through the canonical Wnt (cWnt) signaling pathway, these genes regulate important processes in bilaterian development...

    Authors: Raul A. Chavarria, Mandy Game, Briana Arbelaez, Chloe Ramnarine, Zachary K. Snow and Frank W. Smith
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:223
  11. Habitat disturbance affects the biology and health of animals globally. Understanding the factors that contribute to the differential responses of animals to habitat disturbance is critical for conservation. T...

    Authors: Nicolette McManus, Sheila M. Holmes, Edward E. Louis Jr., Steig E. Johnson, Andrea L. Baden and Katherine R. Amato
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:222
  12. Non-random associations within and among groups of social animals can provide valuable insight into the function of group living and the evolution of social behaviour. Damaraland mole-rats (Fukomys damarensis) de...

    Authors: Samantha Mynhardt, Lorraine Harris-Barnes, Paulette Bloomer and Nigel C. Bennett
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:221
  13. Rooted phylogenetic networks are used to display complex evolutionary history involving so-called reticulation events, such as genetic recombination. Various methods have been developed to construct such netwo...

    Authors: Rosanne Wallin, Leo van Iersel, Steven Kelk and Leen Stougie
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:220
  14. In insect species like Drosophila melanogaster, evolution of increased resistance or evolution of particular traits under specific environmental conditions can lead to energy trade-offs with other crucial life-hi...

    Authors: Karan Singh, Ekta Kochar, Prakhar Gahlot, Karan Bhatt and Nagaraj Guru Prasad
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:219
  15. Airborne environmental DNA (eDNA) research is an emerging field that focuses on the detection of species from their genetic remnants in the air. The majority of studies into airborne eDNA of plants has until n...

    Authors: Mark D. Johnson, Mohamed Fokar, Robert D. Cox and Matthew A. Barnes
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:218
  16. To determine the presence and abundance of an aquatic species in large waterbodies, especially when populations are at low densities, is highly challenging for conservation biologists. Environmental DNA (eDNA)...

    Authors: Dan Yu, Zhongyuan Shen, Tao Chang, Sha Li and Huanzhang Liu
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:216
  17. The process of photoreception in most animals depends on the light induced isomerization of the chromophore retinal, bound to rhodopsin. To re-use retinal, the all-trans-retinal form needs to be re-isomerized ...

    Authors: Oliver Vöcking, Lucas Leclère and Harald Hausen
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:215
  18. Multiple sequence alignments (MSAs) represent the fundamental unit of data inputted to most comparative sequence analyses. In phylogenetic analyses in particular, errors in MSA construction have the potential ...

    Authors: Stephanie J. Spielman and Molly L. Miraglia
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:214
  19. The islands in the Persian Gulf are home to several species of gazelles, i.e., Gazella bennettii, G. subgutturosa, and a new subspecies of Mountain gazelles which was discovered on Farur Island and described for ...

    Authors: Davoud Fadakar, Mojdeh Raam, Hannes Lerp, Ali Ostovar, Hamid Reza Rezaei and Eva V. Bärmann
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:213
  20. Trophic shifts from one dietary niche to another have played major roles in reshaping the evolutionary trajectories of a wide range of vertebrate groups, yet their consequences for morphological disparity and ...

    Authors: Vicente García-Navas, Joseph A. Tobias, Manuel Schweizer, Daniel Wegmann, Richard Schodde, Janette A. Norman and Les Christidis
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:212
  21. The contribution of North Africa to the assembly of biodiversity within the Western Palaearctic is still poorly documented. Since the Miocene, multiple biotic exchanges occurred across the Strait of Gibraltar,...

    Authors: Luis Machado, D. James Harris and Daniele Salvi
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:210
  22. Divergence time estimation is fundamental to understanding many aspects of the evolution of organisms, such as character evolution, diversification, and biogeography. With the development of sequence technolog...

    Authors: De Chen, Peter A. Hosner, Donna L. Dittmann, John P. O’Neill, Sharon M. Birks, Edward L. Braun and Rebecca T. Kimball
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:209
  23. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) play a crucial role in immunity and development. They contain leucine-rich repeat domains, one transmembrane domain, and one Toll/IL-1 receptor domain. TLRs have been classified into...

    Authors: Andrea Orús-Alcalde, Tsai-Ming Lu, Aina Børve and Andreas Hejnol
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:208
  24. Considering wild inter-populational phenotypic differentiation can facilitate domestication and subsequent production of new species. However, comparing all populations across a species range to identify those...

    Authors: Lola Toomey, Simon Dellicour, Andrzej Kapusta, Daniel Żarski, Frederik Buhrke, Sylvain Milla, Pascal Fontaine and Thomas Lecocq
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:206
  25. Biological evolution exhibits an extraordinary capability to adapt organisms to their environments. The explanation for this often takes for granted that random genetic variation produces at least some benefic...

    Authors: Miguel Brun-Usan, Alfredo Rago, Christoph Thies, Tobias Uller and Richard A. Watson
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:205
  26. To understand which reproductive barriers initiate speciation is a major question in evolutionary research. Despite their high species numbers and specific biology, there are only few studies on speciation in ...

    Authors: Pawel Malec, Justus Weber, Robin Böhmer, Marc Fiebig, Denise Meinert, Carolin Rein, Ronja Reinisch, Maik Henrich, Viktoria Polyvas, Marie Pollmann, Lea von Berg, Christian König and Johannes L. M. Steidle
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:204
  27. Sri Lanka is a continental island separated from India by the Palk Strait, a shallow-shelf sea, which was emergent during periods of lowered sea level. Its biodiversity is concentrated in its perhumid south-we...

    Authors: Hiranya Sudasinghe, Tharindu Ranasinghe, Jayampathi Herath, Kumudu Wijesooriya, Rohan Pethiyagoda, Lukas Rüber and Madhava Meegaskumbura
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:203
  28. Dinosaurs dominated terrestrial environments for over 100 million years due in part to innovative feeding strategies. Although a range of dental adaptations was present in Late Jurassic dinosaurs, it is unclea...

    Authors: Keegan M. Melstrom, Luis M. Chiappe and Nathan D. Smith
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:202
  29. Autotetraploid Carassius auratus (4n = 200, RRRR) (abbreviated as 4nRR) is derived from whole genome duplication of Carassius auratus red var. (2n = 100, RR) (abbreviated as RCC). Ribosome DNA (rDNA) is often use...

    Authors: Chun Zhao, Yuxin Zhang, Huan Qin, Chongqing Wang, Xu Huang, Li Yang, Tingting Yu, Xidan Xu, Xiang Luo, Qinbo Qin and Shaojun Liu
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:201
  30. Ecosystem restoration is as a critical tool to counteract the decline of biodiversity and recover vital ecosystem services. Restoration efforts, however, often fall short of meeting their goals. Although funct...

    Authors: Maarten Van Geel, Tsipe Aavik, Tobias Ceulemans, Sabrina Träger, Joachim Mergeay, Gerrit Peeters, Kasper van Acker, Martin Zobel, Kadri Koorem and Olivier Honnay
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:200
  31. In genus Rhinolophus, species in the Rhinolophus philippinensis and R. macrotis groups are unique because the horseshoe bats in these group have relatively low echolocation frequencies and flight speeds compared ...

    Authors: Lin Zhang, Keping Sun, Gábor Csorba, Alice Catherine Hughes, Longru Jin, Yanhong Xiao and Jiang Feng
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:199
  32. Previous studies have discussed the special structural adaptations of Late Palaeozoic lycopsids, for example, the dispersal potential of reproductive organs. Based on materials from the Upper Devonian Wutong F...

    Authors: Yi Zhou, De-Ming Wang, Le Liu and Pu Huang
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:198
  33. Quaternary climate fluctuations have been acknowledged as major drivers of the geographical distribution of the extraordinary biodiversity observed in tropical biomes, including Madagascar. The main existing f...

    Authors: Helena Teixeira, Jordi Salmona, Armando Arredondo, Beatriz Mourato, Sophie Manzi, Romule Rakotondravony, Olivier Mazet, Lounès Chikhi, Julia Metzger and Ute Radespiel
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:197
  34. Historical and ecological processes shape patterns of genetic diversity in plant species. Colonization to new environments and geographical landscape features determine, amongst other factors, genetic diversit...

    Authors: Gustavo A. Silva-Arias, Lina Caballero-Villalobos, Giovanna C. Giudicelli and Loreta B. Freitas
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:196
  35. The boreal forest is one of the largest biomes on earth, supporting thousands of species. The global climate fluctuations in the Quaternary, especially the ice ages, had a significant influence on the distribu...

    Authors: Kai Song, Bin Gao, Peter Halvarsson, Yun Fang, Siegfried Klaus, Ying-Xin Jiang, Jon E. Swenson, Yue-Hua Sun and Jacob Höglund
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:194
  36. Agroforestry is a production system combining trees with crops or livestock. It has the potential to increase biodiversity in relation to single-use systems, such as pastures or cropland, by providing a higher...

    Authors: Anne-Christine Mupepele, Matteo Keller and Carsten F. Dormann
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:193
  37. The walnut family (Juglandaceae) contains commercially important woody trees commonly called walnut, wingnut, pecan and hickory. Phylogenetic relationships and diversification within the Juglandaceae are class...

    Authors: Huijuan Zhou, Yiheng Hu, Aziz Ebrahimi, Peiliang Liu, Keith Woeste, Peng Zhao and Shuoxin Zhang
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:191
  38. In parasitism arm race processes and red queen dynamics between host and parasites reciprocally mold many aspects of their genetics and evolution. We performed a parallel assessment of population genetics and ...

    Authors: Brenda Solórzano-García, Ella Vázquez-Domínguez, Gerardo Pérez-Ponce de León and Daniel Piñero
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:190
  39. The ‘genetic diversity’ hypothesis posits that polyandry evolved as a mechanism to increase genetic diversity within broods. One extension of this hypothesis is the ‘genetic diversity for disease resistance’ h...

    Authors: D. M. Soper, A. K. E. Ekroth and M. J. F. Martins
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:189
  40. Industrial wastewater is a human health hazard upon exposure. Aquatic organisms in contaminated wastewater may accumulate the toxic elements with time. Human population living in informal settlements in Nairob...

    Authors: Geoffrey Kariuki Kinuthia, Veronica Ngure and Luna Kamau
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:188
  41. Individuals can estimate risk by integrating prenatal with postnatal and personal information, but the relative importance of different information sources during the transgenerational response is unclear. The...

    Authors: Denis Meuthen, Maud C. O. Ferrari and Douglas P. Chivers
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:187
  42. Sympatric speciation along ecological gradients has been studied repeatedly, in particular in freshwater fishes. Rapid post-glacial ecological divergence has resulted in numerous endemic species or ecologicall...

    Authors: Thomas Mehner, Stefan Palm, Bo Delling, Juha Karjalainen, Jolanta Kiełpińska, Asja Vogt and Jörg Freyhof
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:186
  43. Natural selection can act on multiple genes in the same pathway, leading to polygenic adaptation. For example, adaptive changes were found to down-regulate six genes involved in ergosterol biosynthesis—an esse...

    Authors: Alexander F. Kern, Grace Xiaolu Yang, Neil M. Khosla, Roy Moh Lik Ang, Michael P. Snyder and Hunter B. Fraser
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:185
  44. Alligator lizards (Gerrhonotinae) are a well-known group of extant North American lizard. Although many fossils were previously referred to Gerrhonotinae, most of those fossils are isolated and fragmentary cra...

    Authors: Simon G. Scarpetta, David T. Ledesma and Christopher J. Bell
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:184
  45. The West Nile virus is a highly contagious agent for a wide range of hosts. Its spread in the Mediterranean region raises several questions about its origin and the risk factors underlying the virus’s dispersal.

    Authors: Haythem Srihi, Noureddine Chatti, Manel Ben Mhadheb, Jawhar Gharbi and Nabil Abid
    Citation: BMC Ecology and Evolution 2021 21:183

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