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Experimental evolution

Section edited by Michael Brockhurst

This section considers studies in testing evolutionary theories by the use of controlled experiments.

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  1. Viruses are exceedingly diverse in their evolved strategies to manipulate hosts for viral replication. However, despite these differences, most virus populations will occasionally experience two commonly-encou...

    Authors: Paul E Turner, Robert C McBride, Siobain Duffy, Rebecca Montville, Li-San Wang, Yul W Yang, Sun Jin Lee and Junhyong Kim
    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2012 12:153
  2. Specialization for ecological niches is a balance of evolutionary adaptation and its accompanying tradeoffs. Here we focus on the Lenski Long-Term Evolution Experiment, which has maintained cultures of Escherichi...

    Authors: Nicholas Leiby, William R Harcombe and Christopher J Marx
    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2012 12:151
  3. One of the big remaining challenges in evolutionary biology is to understand the evolution and maintenance of meiotic recombination. As recombination breaks down successful genotypes, it should be selected for...

    Authors: Niels AG Kerstes, Camillo Bérénos, Paul Schmid-Hempel and K Mathias Wegner
    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2012 12:18
  4. Host-parasite coevolution can lead to local adaptation of either parasite or host if there is specificity (GxG interactions) and asymmetric evolutionary potential between host and parasite. This has been demon...

    Authors: Camillo Bérénos, Paul Schmid-Hempel and K Mathias Wegner
    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2012 12:11
  5. Maize streak virus -strain A (MSV-A; Genus Mastrevirus, Family Geminiviridae), the maize-adapted strain of MSV that causes maize streak disease throughout sub-Saharan Africa, probably arose between 100 and 200 ye...

    Authors: Adérito L Monjane, Eric van der Walt, Arvind Varsani, Edward P Rybicki and Darren P Martin
    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2011 11:350
  6. Biologists studying adaptation under sexual selection have spent considerable effort assessing the relative importance of two groups of models, which hinge on the idea that females gain indirect benefits via m...

    Authors: Magdalena Nystrand, Damian K Dowling and Leigh W Simmons
    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2011 11:222
  7. Fungal secondary metabolites have been suggested to function as chemical defenses against insect antagonists, i.e. predators and competitors. Because insects and fungi often compete for dead organic material, ...

    Authors: Monika Trienens and Marko Rohlfs
    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2011 11:206
  8. Antibiotic resistance represents a significant public health problem. When resistance genes are mobile, being carried on plasmids or phages, their spread can be greatly accelerated. Plasmids in particular have...

    Authors: Fabian Svara and Daniel J Rankin
    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2011 11:130
  9. Sperm competition is a driving force in the evolution of male sperm characteristics in many species. In the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans, larger male sperm evolve under experimentally increased sperm competiti...

    Authors: Rosalind L Murray, Joanna L Kozlowska and Asher D Cutter
    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2011 11:99
  10. Omptins are a family of outer membrane proteases that have spread by horizontal gene transfer in Gram-negative bacteria that infect vertebrates or plants. Despite structural similarity, the molecular functions...

    Authors: Johanna Haiko, Liisa Laakkonen, Benita Westerlund-Wikström and Timo K Korhonen
    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2011 11:43
  11. Maternally inherited bacteria that reside obligatorily or facultatively in arthropods can increase their prevalence in the population by altering their hosts' reproduction. Such reproductive manipulations have...

    Authors: Bram Vanthournout, Janne Swaegers and Frederik Hendrickx
    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2011 11:15
  12. Gene regulation plays a central role in the adaptation of organisms to their environments. There are many molecular components to gene regulation, and it is often difficult to determine both the genetic basis ...

    Authors: Celeste J Brown, Luyi Zhao, Kelsie J Evans, Dilara Ally and Amber D Stancik
    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2010 10:378

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