Cipollini ML, Levey DJ. Secondary metabolites of fleshy vertebrate-dispersed fruits: adaptive hypotheses and implications for seed dispersal. Am Nat. 1997;150:346–72.
Eriksson O, Ehrlén J. Secondary metabolites in fleshy fruits: are adaptive explanations needed? Am Nat. 1998;152:905–7.
Whitehead SR, Bowers MD. Evidence for the adaptive significance of secondary compounds in vertebrate-dispersed fruits. Am Nat. 2013;182:563–77.
Cipollini ML, Paulk E, Mink K, Vaughn K, Fischer T. Defense tradeoffs in fleshy fruits: effects of resource variation on growth, reproduction, and fruit secondary chemistry in Solanum carolinense. J Chem Ecol. 2004;30:1–17.
Whitehead SR, Tiramani J, Bowers MD. Iridoid glycosides from fruits reduce the growth of fungi associated with fruit rot. J Plant Ecol. 2015;9:357–66.
Nevo O, Ayasse M. Fruit scent: biochemistry, ecological function, and evolution. In: Merillon J-M, Ramawat KG, editors. Co-evolution of secondary metabolites. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2019. p. 1–23.
Rodríguez A, Alquézar B, Peña L. Fruit aromas in mature fleshy fruits as signals of readiness for predation and seed dispersal. New Phytol. 2013;197:36–48.
Nevo O, Valenta K, Tevlin AG, Omeja P, Styler SA, Jackson DJ, et al. Fruit defence syndromes: the independent evolution of mechanical and chemical defences. Evol Ecol. 2017;31:913–23.
Hodgkison R, Ayasse M, Kalko EKV, Häberlein C, Schulz S, Mustapha WAW, et al. Chemical ecology of fruit bat foraging behavior in relation to the fruit odors of two species of Paleotropical bat-dispersed figs (Ficus hispida and Ficus scortechinii). J Chem Ecol. 2007;33:2097–110.
Hodgkison R, Ayasse M, Häberlein C, Schulz S, Zubaid A, Mustapha WAW, et al. Fruit bats and bat fruits: the evolution of fruit scent in relation to the foraging behaviour of bats in the new and old world tropics. Funct Ecol. 2013;27:1075–84.
Borges RM, Bessière JM, Hossaert-McKey M. The chemical ecology of seed dispersal in monoecious and dioecious figs. Funct Ecol. 2008;22:484–93.
Valenta K, Burke RJ, Styler SA, Jackson DA, Melin AD, Lehman SM. Colour and odour drive fruit selection and seed dispersal by mouse lemurs. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2424–2424.
Valenta K, Brown KA, Rafaliarison RR, Styler SA, Jackson D, Lehman SM, et al. Sensory integration during foraging: the importance of fruit hardness, colour, and odour to brown lemurs. Behav Ecol Sociobiol. 2015;69:1855–65.
Valenta K, Nevo O, Martel C, Chapman CA. Plant attractants: integrating insights from pollination and seed dispersal ecology. Evol Ecol. 2017;31:249–67.
Nevo O, Heymann EW. Led by the nose: olfaction in primate feeding ecology. Evol Anthropol. 2015;24:137–48.
Nevo O, Garri RO, Hernandez Salazar LT, Schulz S, Heymann EW, Ayasse M, et al. Chemical recognition of fruit ripeness in spider monkeys (Ateles geoffroyi). Sci Rep. 2015;5:14895–14895.
Nevo O, Heymann EW, Schulz S, Ayasse M. Fruit odor as a ripeness signal for seed-dispersing primates? A case study on four neotropical plant species. J Chem Ecol. 2016;42:323–8.
Nevo O, Razafimandimby D, Jeffrey JAJ, Schulz S, Ayasse M. Fruit scent as an evolved signal to primate seed dispersal. Sci Adv. 2018;4:eaat4871.
Nevo O, Valenta K. The ecology and evolution of fruit odor: implications for primate seed dispersal. Int J Primatol. 2018;39:338–55.
Melin AD, Nevo O, Shirasu M, Williamson RE, Garrett EC, Endo M, et al. Fruit scent and observer colour vision shape food-selection strategies in wild capuchin monkeys. Nat Commun. 2019;10:2407.
Lomáscolo SB, Levey DJ, Kimball RT, Bolker BM, Alborn HT. Dispersers shape fruit diversity in Ficus (Moraceae). Proc Natl Acad Sci. 2010;107:14668–72.
Nevo O, Razafimandimby D, Valenta K, Jeffrey JAJ, Reisdorff C, Chapman CA, et al. Signal and reward in wild fleshy fruits: does fruit scent predict nutrient content? Ecol Evol. 2019;9:10534–43.
Nevo O, Schmitt MH, Ayasse M, Valenta K. Sweet tooth: elephants detect fruit sugar levels based on scent alone. Ecol Evol. 2020. https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.6777.
Valenta K, Nevo O. The dispersal syndrome hypothesis: how animals shaped fruit traits, and how they did not. Funct Ecol. 2020. https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2435.13564.
Maynard Smit J, Burian R, Kaufmann S, Alberch P, Campbell J, Goodwin B, et al. Developmental constraints and evolution. Q Rev Biol. 1985;60:265–87.
Johnson KP, McKinney F, Sorenson MD. Phylogenetic constraint on male parental care in the dabbling ducks. Proc R Soc B Biol Sci. 1999;266:759.
Jordano P. Agiosperm fleshy fruits and seed dispersers: a comparative analysis of adaptation and constraints in plant–animal inetractions. Am Nat. 1995;145:163–91.
Fischer KE, Chapman CA. Frugivores and fruit syndromes: differences in patterns at the genus and species level. Oikos. 1993;66:472–82.
Valido A, Schaefer HM, Jordano P. Colour, design and reward: phenotypic integration of fleshy fruit displays. J Evol Biol. 2011;24:751–60.
Valenta K, Kalbitzer U, Razafimandimby D, Omeja P, Ayasse M, Chapman CA, et al. The evolution of fruit colour: phylogeny, abiotic factors and the role of mutualists. Sci Rep. 2018;8:14302.
Stournaras KE, Lo E, Böhning-Gaese K, Cazetta E, Matthias Dehling D, Schleuning M, et al. How colorful are fruits? Limited color diversity in fleshy fruits on local and global scales. New Phytol. 2013. https://doi.org/10.1111/nph.12157.
Junker RR, Kuppler J, Amo L, Blande JD, Borges RM, van Dam NM, et al. Covariation and phenotypic integration in chemical communication displays: biosynthetic constraints and eco-evolutionary implications. New Phytol. 2017. https://doi.org/10.1111/nph.14505.
Kursar TA, Dexter KG, Lokvam J, Pennington RT, Richardson JE, Weber MG, et al. The evolution of antiherbivore defenses and their contribution to species coexistence in the tropical tree genus Inga. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2009;106:18073–8.
Salazar D, Jaramillo MA, Marquis RJ. Chemical similarity and local community assembly in the species rich tropical genus Piper. Ecology. 2016;97:3176–83.
Junker RR. A biosynthetically informed distance measure to compare secondary metabolite profiles. Chemoecology. 2017. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00049-017-0250-4.
Knudsen JT, Eriksson R, Gershenzon J, Ståhl B. Diversity and distribution of floral scent. Bot Rev. 2006;72:1–120.
Gershenzon J, Dudareva N. The function of terpene natural products in the natural world. Nat Chem Biol. 2007;3:408–14.
Rasmann S, Hiltpold I, Ali J. The role of root-produced volatile secondary metabolites in mediating soil interactions. In: Advances in selected plant physiology aspects. London: InTech; 2012.
Unsicker SB, Kunert G, Gershenzon J. Protective perfumes: the role of vegetative volatiles in plant defense against herbivores. Curr Opin Plant Biol. 2009;12:479–85.
Raguso RA. Wake up and smell the roses: the ecology and evolution of floral scent. Annu Rev Ecol Evol Syst. 2008;39:549–69.
Maynard LD, Slinn HL, Glassmire AE, Matarrita-Carranza B, Dodson CD, Nguyen TT, et al. Secondary metabolites in a neotropical shrub: spatiotemporal allocation and role in fruit defense and dispersal. Ecology. 2020;e03192. https://doi.org/10.1002/ecy.3192.
Adams DC. A generalized K statistic for estimating phylogenetic signal from shape and other high-dimensional multivariate data. Syst Biol. 2014;63:685–97.
Blomberg SP, Garland T, Ives AR. Testing for phylogenetic signal in comparative data: behavioral traits are more labile. Evolution. 2003;57:717–45.
Zanne AE, Tank DC, Cornwell WK, Eastman JM, Smith SA, FitzJohn RG, et al. Three keys to the radiation of angiosperms into freezing environments. Nature. 2014;506:89–92.
Molina-Venegas R, Rodríguez MÁ. Revisiting phylogenetic signal; strong or negligible impacts of polytomies and branch length information? BMC Evol Biol. 2017;17:53–53.
R Core Team. R: A language and environment for statistical computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria. https://www.R-project.org/. 2014. https://www.r-project.org/.
Paradis E, Claude J, Strimmer K. APE: analyses of phylogenetics and evolution in R language. Bioinformatics. 2004;20:289–90.
Oksanen AJ, Blanchet FG, Kindt R, Legen P, Minchin PR, Hara RBO, et al. vegan: Community Ecology Package. R package version 2.4-6. 2018.
Adams DC, Collyer ML, Kaliontzopoulou A, Sherratt E. Geomorph: Software for geometric morphometric analyses. R package version 3.0.5. https://cran.r-project.org/package=geomorph. 2017.
Revell LJ. Phytools: An R package for phylogenetic comparative biology (and other things). Methods Ecol Evol. 2012;3:217–23.
Galili T. dendextend: an R package for visualizing, adjusting, and comparing trees of hierarchical clustering. Bioinformatics. 2015. https://doi.org/10.1093/bioinformatics/btv428.