Fifty percent maximum likelihood majority-rule bootstrap consensus summary tree of Viridiplantae inferred from the all nucleotide positions (ntAll) analysis. Data set derived from 78 protein-coding genes of the plastid genome (ntax = 360; 58,347 bp; missing data ~15.6%). Bootstrap support values ≥ 50% are indicated. Terminals with a triangle represent collapsed clades with > 2 taxa. Note position of Lycopodiophyta as sister to Spermatophyta is likely caused by base composition bias (see text). See Figures 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, and 14 for the complete tree and Additional file 1 for taxonomy. Lami. = Lamiidae; Campanuli. = Campanulidae; Lyco. = Lycopodiophyta.