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Table 5 Static allometry-corrected (when detected) effect size (ZCR) for the most likely architecture retrieved by EMMLi compared to each other and  to the therian six-module [31] and Macaque phen-gen [30] hypotheses

From: Flexible conservatism in the skull modularity of convergently evolved myrmecophagous placental mammals

  MLi ZCR IV V VI VII VIII
T. tetradactyla VII (7)  9.65 5.74 × 10–1 1.76 × 10–1 3.68 × 10–1 1.00 7.33 × 10–1
T. mexicana VII (7)  8.76 3.87 × 10–1 1.72 × 10–1 3.72 × 10–1 1.00 8.48 × 10–1
M. tridactyla VII (7)*  5.92 8.70 × 10–1 5.87 × 10–1 7.77 × 10–1 1.00 6.35 × 10–1
C. didactylus VII (7)  9.04 7.02 × 10–1 6.61 × 10–1 1.83 × 10–1 1.00 5.21 × 10–1
P. maximus V (6) − 5.22 9.40 × 10–1 1.00 9.16 × 10–1 6.26 × 10–1 7.82 × 10–1
O. afer VIII (7)  8.47 4.85 × 10–1 4.82 × 10–1 7.74 × 10–1 6.48 × 10–1 1.00
M. javanica VII (7)  8.37 6.31 × 10–1 8.14 × 10–1 8.57 × 10–1 1.00 8.42 × 10–1
M. pentadactyla VII (7) − 6.51 8.10 × 10–1 7.88 × 10–1 7.40 × 10–1 1.00 4.76 × 10–1
S. temminckii V (6) − 5.85 7.90 × 10–1 1.00 6.87 × 10–1 3.46 × 10–1 3.43 × 10–1
S. gigantea VIII (7)  7.07 1.76 × 10–1 1.69 × 10–1 5.40 × 10–1 6.67 × 10–1 1.00
P. tricuspis VII (7)  8.04 7.79 × 10–1 8.55 × 10–1 7.01 × 10–1 1.00 9.44 × 10–1
P. tetradactyla VII (7) − 7.28 5.10 × 10–1 6.73 × 10–1 5.69 × 10–1 1.00 8.90 × 10–1
P. cristatus VII (7)*  7.40 6.04 × 10–1 7.24 × 10–1 3.62 × 10–1 1.00 9.10 × 10–1
  1. For each most likely architecture, the p-values of the modular signal strength comparison are given. Most likely modular architectures (MLi), effect size calculated with the compare. CR function (ZCR, [73]), p-value for the comparison with the remaining modular hypothesis (IV–VIII). The lowest ZCR values are in bold. *VII is presented here instead of IX; see discussion on architecture IX