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Table 3 Analysis of molecular variance (AMOVA) results for the 12 L. album var. barbatum populations

From: Intraspecific convergence of floral size correlates with pollinator size on different mountains: a case study of a bumblebee-pollinated Lamium (Lamiaceae) flowers in Japan

Source of variance df SS Variation (%) Φ statistic p-value
Among mountain areas: west and east area 1 34.52 3.13 ΦCT = 0.031 0.022
Among populations within areas 10 170.24 17.31 ΦSC = 0.179  < 0.001
Within populations 494 832.75 79.56 ΦST = 0.204  < 0.001
Among floral size groups: based on Tukey's HSD 5 92.231 − 1.10 ΦCT = -0.001 0.621
Among populations within floral size groups 6 112.528 20.28 ΦSC = 0.201  < 0.001
Within populations 494 832.749 80.81 ΦST = 0.192  < 0.001