Skip to main content

Table 2 Species found to be maximally convergent with the thylacine

From: Functional ecological convergence between the thylacine and small prey-focused canids

Species Cranium Face Neurocranium
C1 p θ p C1 p θ p C1 p θ p
Ch. brachyurus 0.507 0.001 44.4° 0.006 0.567 0.008 36.2° 0.004 0.271 0.062 80.7° 0.073
Lu. adustus 0.537 0.002 35.4° 0.001 0.639 0.004 37.6° 0.009 0.196 0.143 116.4° 0.201
Lu. mesomelas 0.524 0.001 46.0° 0.006 0.625 0.005 39.6° 0.015 0.076 0.420 114.6° 0.192
Ly. gymnocercus 0.417 0.006 51.7° 0.005 0.561 0.013 37.1° 0.012 0.014 0.694 128.1° 0.282
Ca. latrans 0.452 0.003 41.4° 0.001 0.305 0.127 42.6° 0.020 0.384 0.015 107.8° 0.171
Ly. culpaeus 0.489 0.004 38.1° 0.003 0.376 0.057 38.4° 0.008 0.515 0.004 96.4° 0.141
Vu. vulpes 0.333 0.023 49.3° 0.006 0.356 0.076 33.5° 0.004 0.189 0.166 125.5° 0.237
Ca. lupus 0.201 0.139 43.7° 0.004 0.236 0.220 51.3° 0.032 0.318 0.043 72.1° 0.051
Dingo 0.182 0.144 50.0° 0.009 0.305 0.114 47.2° 0.020 0.271 0.082 84.8° 0.091
  1. Species found to be significantly convergent with the thylacine across both phenotypic convergence tests (C1 and search.conv) across the total cranial dataset and the facial or neurocranial patch dataset. Three species (Ca. latrans, Ly. culpaeus, and Vu. vulpes) fail to meet the ad hoc analysis requirements by a single test, but are included here for comparison, along with the commonly-cited ‘convergent’ wolf/dog species complex (represented by Ca. lupus and the dingo). C1 values are the scaled phenotypic distances closed between the lineages, θ are the angles between the multivariate phenotypic vectors of the lineages. Bold values indicates significance, adjusted for multiple tests by Benjamini–Hochberg FDR correction, α = 0.10