a Effects of the phenotypic and local breeding contexts on the probability of social polygyny of males and females. b Effect of the phenotype on the local breeding asynchrony of males and females, measured as the mean difference (days) in the onset of laying relative to the neighbours. Positive values indicate that individuals bred later relative to the neighbours. Phenotypic traits in males and females are compared in relation to their neighbours. Note that the forehead patch size and the plumage blackness apply only to males. The effect of age was estimated by creating two orthogonal vectors for the first and second polynomial from the original variable (with function "poly" in the R software), and thus the resulting estimates cannot be immediately interpreted biologically (see main text for details).