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Table 1 Material used in this study

From: Growth in fossil and extant deer and implications for body size and life history evolution

Species Object Ontogenetic stage Locality Specimen number
Candiacervus ropalophorus Femur adult Gerani 4, Crete (Greece) PIMUZ A/V 5195
" " adult " PIMUZ A/V 5202
" " perinatal " PIMUZ A/V 5207
" " perinatal " PIMUZ A/V 5206
" Tibia adult " PIMUZ A/V 5188
" " adult " PIMUZ A/V 5189
" " juvenile " PIMUZ A/V 5208
" " juvenile " PIMUZ A/V 5193
" " perinatal " PIMUZ A/V 5191
" " perinatal " PIMUZ A/V 5194
" Metatarsus adult " PIMUZ A/V 5192
" " juvenile " PIMUZ A/V 5254
" " perinatal " PIMUZ A/V 5205
" Humerus adult " PIMUZ A/V 5190
" " perinatal " PIMUZ A/V 5187
" " perinatal " PIMUZ A/V 5203
" Radius adult " PIMUZ A/V 5186
" " adult " PIMUZ A/V 5199
" " perinatal " PIMUZ A/V 5200
" Ulna perinatal " PIMUZ A/V 5255
" Metacarpus adult " PIMUZ A/V 5197
" " juvenile " PIMUZ A/V 5198
" Lower M1 adult " PIMUZ A/V 5196
Candiacervus sp. II Femur adult Liko, Crete (Greece) PIMUZ A/V 5218
" " juvenile " PIMUZ A/V 5219
" " perinatal " PIMUZ A/V 5244
" " perinatal " PIMUZ A/V 5245
" Tibia adult " PIMUZ A/V 5222
" " juvenile " PIMUZ A/V 5220
" " perinatal " PIMUZ A/V 5221
" " perinatal " PIMUZ A/V 5234
" Metatarsus adult " PIMUZ A/V 5240
" " adult " PIMUZ A/V 5212
" " juvenile " PIMUZ A/V 5213
" " juvenile " PIMUZ A/V 5223
" " perinatal " PIMUZ A/V 5224
" Humerus adult " PIMUZ A/V 5231
" " juvenile " PIMUZ A/V 5236
" " perinatal " PIMUZ A/V 5237
" Radius adult " PIMUZ A/V 5232
" " adult " PIMUZ A/V 5233
" " juvenile " PIMUZ A/V 5230
" " perinatal " PIMUZ A/V 5211
" " perinatal " PIMUZ A/V 5257
" " perinatal " PIMUZ A/V 5214
" Ulna adult " PIMUZ A/V 5215
" " juvenile " PIMUZ A/V 5225
" " perinatal " PIMUZ A/V 5226
" Metacarpus adult " PIMUZ A/V 5246
" " juvenile " PIMUZ A/V 5247
" " perinatal " PIMUZ A/V 5209
" " perinatal " PIMUZ A/V 5210
" 1st Phalange adult " PIMUZ A/V 5238
" " juvenile " PIMUZ A/V 5239
" " perinatal " PIMUZ A/V 5216
" 2nd Phalange adult " PIMUZ A/V 5217
" " juvenile " PIMUZ A/V 5235
" " perinatal " PIMUZ A/V 5227
" Rib adult " PIMUZ A/V 5228
" Lower M1 adult " PIMUZ A/V 5229
" " adult " PIMUZ A/V 5243
" Upper M1 senescent (18 years) " PIMUZ A/V 5241
" " adult " PIMUZ A/V 5242
Candiacervus sp. Lower M1 senescent (12 years) Bate cave, Crete (Greece) PV M 82318 (NHML)
Procervulus praelucidus Femur adult Wintershof-West, Germany BSPG 1937 II 23226
" " adult " BSPG 1937 II 23227
" " juvenile " BSPG 1937 II 23228
" " juvenile " BSPG 1937 II 23229
" Tibia adult " BSPG 1937 II 23230
" " adult " BSPG 1937 II 23231
" " juvenile " BSPG 1937 II 23232
" Humerus adult " BSPG 1937 II 23233
" " adult " BSPG 1937 II 23234
" Radius adult " BSPG 1937 II 23235
" " adult " BSPG 1937 II 23236
" " adult " BSPG 1937 II 23237
" " adult " BSPG 1937 II 23238
" Lower M1 adult " BSPG 1937 II 12002
" " adult " BSPG 1937 II 12040
Megaloceros giganteus Femur adult Craddanstown Rep. of Ireland NMING:F7937/4
" " adult Baunmore Townland, Rep. of Ireland NMING:F21306/13
" Tibia adult Ballyragget, Rep. of Ireland NMING:F22655/34
" " adult Buttevant, Rep. of Ireland NMING:F22534/5
" " adult Baunmore Townland, Rep. of Ireland NMING:F21306/14
" Metatarsus adult North Sea sediments PIMUZ A/V 5256
" " adult Baunmore Townland, Rep. of Ireland NMING:F21306/19
" " adult Buttevant, Rep. of Ireland NMING:F22534/6
" Humerus adult Ballyragget, Rep. of Ireland NMING:F22655/37
" " adult Buttevant, Rep. of Ireland NMING:F22534/2
" Radius-Ulna adult Ballyragget, Rep. of Ireland NMING:F22655/36
" " adult Buttevant, Rep. of Ireland NMING:F22534/3
" Metacarpus adult Ballyragget, Rep. of Ireland NMING:F22655/31
" " adult Buttevant, Rep. of Ireland NMING:F22534/4
" Lower M1 senescent (19 years) Brühl (Schwetzingen), Deutschland PIMUZ A/V 2235
" " senescent (16 years) Kent'scavern, Torquay, UK PV OR 16800 (NHML)
" " senescent (n.a.) Wyhlen, Germany BSPG 1957 I 398
" " adult Rath, Rep. of Ireland NMING:F22654
" " adult Craddanstown, Rep. of Ireland NMING:F7937/5
Dama dama Femur adult (wild) Schrevenborn, Germany ZIUK 9630
" " adult (captive) Wildnispark Zürich, Switzerland PIMUZ A/V 5248
" " adult (captive) " PIMUZ A/V 5248
" " juvenile (captive) " PIMUZ A/V 5249
" Tibia adult (wild) Schrevenborn, Germany ZIUK 9630
" " adult(captive) WildnisparkZürich, Switzerland PIMUZ A/V 5248
" " adult (captive) " PIMUZ A/V 5248
" " juvenile (captive) " PIMUZ A/V 5249
" Humerus adult (wild) Schrevenborn, Germany ZIUK 9630
" " adult (captive) Wildnispark Zürich, Switzerland PIMUZ A/V 5248
" " adult (captive) " PIMUZ A/V 5248
" " juvenile (captive) " PIMUZ A/V 5249
" Radius-Ulna adult (wild) Schrevenborn, Germany ZIUK 9630
" " adult (captive) Wildnispark Zürich, Switzerland PIMUZ A/V 5248
" " adult (captive) " PIMUZ A/V 5248
" " juvenile (captive) " PIMUZ A/V 5249
" Lower M1 adult (wild) Schrevenborn, Germany ZIUK 9630
" " adult (captive) Wildnispark Zürich, Switzerland PIMUZ A/V 5248
Capreolus capreolus Femur adult (wild) Schrevenborn, Germany ZIUK 9872
" Metatarsus juvenile (wild) Hittnau, Switzerland PIMUZ A/V 5251
Muntiacus muntjak Femur adult (captive) Tierpark Hagenbeck, Hamburg, Germany ZIUK 7994
Cervus elaphus " adult (wild) Barmstedt, Germany ZIUK 23517
Alces alces " adult (wild) Norway ZMUZ 20242
  1. Specimens used in this study with ontogenetic stage, locality of death/fossil site, specimen number and thin section number.
  2. Institutional Abbreviations: BSPG Bayerische Staatssammlung für Paläontologie und Geologie, Munich, Germany; NBC Netherlands Centre for Biodiversity Leiden, The Netherlands; NHML Natural History Museum London, UK; NMING National Museum of Ireland - Natural History; PIMUZ Paläontologisches Institut und Museum, Universität Zürich, Switzerland; ZIUK Zoologisches Institut der Universität Kiel, Germany; ZMUZ Zoologisches Museum der Universität Zürich, Switzerland.