Survival, fungal growth, and behavioral manipulation of three Camponotus species infected with O. unilateralis s.l. . (A) Kaplan-Meier survival curve for 3 different Camponotus species infected with O. unilateralis s.l.. The thickened lines represent the time period in which fungal growth was observed. The grey box indicates days post-infection during which behavioral manipulation was observed. (B) Mean proportion of observations outside for each species-treatment combination (data presented as mean +/− SD, P<0.001 Tukey post-hoc on two-way ANOVA).