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Table 1 List of currently described Luciogobius species and additional taxa sampled in this study.

From: Adaptive radiation of gobies in the interstitial habitats of gravel beaches accompanied by body elongation and excessive vertebral segmentation

Genus
Species
Habitat Vertebra number Organs lost
Luciogobius    
   elongatus interstitial, intertidal gravel beach 38–44 scale; first dorsal fin
   adapel interstitial, gravel bed (20–40 m b.s.l.) 50 scale; first and second dorsal, anal, pelvic
   grandis interstitial, intertidal gravel beach 40–42 scale; first dorsal fin
   platycephalus interstitial, intertidal gravel beach 41–42 scale; first dorsal fin
   parvulus interstitial, intertidal gravel beach 41–43 scale; first dorsal and pelvic fins
   guttatus under stone in estuary or protected rocky shore 35–39 scale; first dorsal fin
   pallidus mudshrimp burrow, underground water 37 scale; eye; first dorsal fin; chromatophore
   Albus anchialine cave, underground water 30–31 scale; eye; first dorsal fin; chromatophore
   dormitoris estuary (habitat little known) 36 scale; eye; first dorsal fin; chromatophore
   brevipterus habitat information unavailable 35 scale; first dorsal fin
   martellii habitat information unavailable 33 scale; first dorsal fin
   sp. interstitial, intertidal gravel beach 45–46 scale; first dorsal fin
Inu    
   koma intertidal rocky shore 31–32 scale reduced; first dorsal fin
   saikaiensis intertidal rocky shore 32–33 scale; first dorsal fin
Gen.    
   sp. 1 intertidal rocky shore, underground water 34–35 scale; first dorsal fin
   sp. 2 intertidal rocky shore 37 scale; first dorsal fin
Clariger    
   cosmurus subtidal rocky shore 33 scale; first dorsal fin
   Exilis subtidal rocky shore 33 scale; first dorsal fin
Astrabe    
   flavimaculata subtidal rocky shore 30 first dorsal fin reduced
Chaenogobius    
   gulosus subtidal rocky shore 33  
Gymnogobius    
   isaza freshwater lake 33  
   urotaenia freshwater lake, river 32  
Typhlogobius    
   californiensis intertidal rocky shore, mudshrimp burrow 30–32 eye, chromatophore
Eutaeniichthys    
   gilli estuary 39  
Leucopsarion    
   petersi anadromous, migratory (pelagic in the sea) 33 first dorsal fin
  1. Taxa not sampled in this study.