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Table 3 Possible taxonomically distinctive entities. Intraspecific clusters of individuals that might be unrecognized species, probability of chance reciprocal monophyly (p, α ≤ 0.01), specimen details, fixed diagnostic mutations, and mean distances between the clusters of the same species.

From: Single mitochondrial gene barcodes reliably identify sister-species in diverse clades of birds

Species p Collecting locale or subspecies (sampling) Fixed mutations Mean D (%) among clusters
Brachyramphus brevirostris 3.0 × 10-3 a. Aleutians, Russia (3) a vs b = 7 a vs b = 1.23
   b. East Alaska (6)   
Pygoscelis papua 9.7 × 10-5 a. Macquarie Island (6) a vs b = 15 a vs b = 2.43
   b. Falkland Island (7)   
Gelochelidon nilotica 1.8 × 10-3 a. Small form of the beak (3) a vs b = 11 a vs b = 1.74
  9.5 × 10-3 b. Large form of the beak (3) a vs c = 10 a vs c = 1.84
   c. South America, Russia (4) b vs c = 5 b vs c = 1.74
Sturnella magna 9.5 × 10-3 a. Texas (4) a vs b = 22 a vs b = 4.03
   b. Texas, Ontario, Miami (3)   
Tringa totanus 9.5 × 10-3 a. Iceland (4) a vs b = 6 a vs b = 0.95
   b. Vietnam, Australia (3)   
Eudyptula minor 8.3 × 10-17 a. New Zealand (NZ)(21) a vs b = 28 a vs b = 3.82
   b. Australia (21)