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Table 1 Ecological characters of the five examined clades of parmelioid lichens (average per year followed by standard deviation in brackets).

From: Accelerated evolutionary rates in tropical and oceanic parmelioid lichens (Ascomycota)

  Altitude Maximal average temperature Minimal average temperature Precipitation (in mm) Emberger Index
Hypotrachyna clade 1 1549.08 (± 1323.53) 17.56 (± 3.57) 8.38 (± 3.53) 1071.32 (± 345.32) 209.19 (± 69.07)
Hypotrachyna clade 2 1918 (± 992.86) 23.6 (± 2.25) 11.5 (± 7.78) 1383.35 (± 775.43) 151.98 (± 20.87)
Melanohalea clade 1024.22 (± 537.52) 18.51 (± 3.07) -2.56 (± 5.06) 711 (± 522.39) 109.46 (± 77.83)
Parmotrema clade 349.21 (± 341.44) 20.51 (± 2.67) 10.06 (± 2.95) 1014 (± 184.93) 118.52 (± 41.66)
Xanthoparmelia clade 766.5 (± 497.23) 20.2 (± 2.43) 5.04 (± 2.74) 631.93 (± 209.98) 81.14 (± 33.41)
  1. The Emberger's index is calculated as follows: Q = 100 × P/Tmmax2 - Tmmin2, where P is average annual precipitation, Tmmax is average maximum temperature of warmest month, Tmmin is average minimum temperature of coldest month.