Phylogeny of the Cyprinidae based upon the complete cyt b nucleotide sequence data. This figure shows the 50% majority rule consensus tree of 5000 MC3 sampled trees. Major clades discussed in the text are labelled A to D. Bayesian posterior probabilities (in percentage) are given above branches. Assignment of taxa to the eleven cyprinid subfamilies follows  with modifications by [9, 47] (subfamilies are illustrated with colour boxes, see Additional file 1). A black filled circle next to the species name indicates miniature taxa.