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# Table 4 The ages of putative expansion events in mutation-time units (τ) and absolute time in kya (T) estimated by three methods, i.e. MD of [56] and [57] using software DNAsp and ARLEQUIN, respectively; and Wakeley and Hey's method in SITES (see the Materials and Methods section for explanation).

MD (DNAsp) | MD (ARLEQUIN) | W-H | |
---|---|---|---|

Cyt b
| |||

T. bernacchi
| τ = 0.631; T = 138 | τ = 0.73 (0,22 – 1,1); T = 159 (47 – 236) | τ = 0.46; T = 100 |

T. bernacchi (Ross Sea
| τ = 0.084; T = 18 | τ = 3 (0.46 – 4.31); T = 654 (100 – 940) | τ = 0.44; T = 95 |

T. penelli
| τ = 0.121; T = 25 | τ = 3 (0.47 – 4.25); T = 612 (96 – 867) | τ = 0.123; T = 25 |

P. borchgrevinki
| τ = 1.94; T = 350 | τ = 1.94 (0.59 – 2.61); T = 350 (106 – 471) | τ = 1.97; T = 355 |

T. newnesi
| τ = 2.15; T = 453 | τ = 5.33 (1.65 – 9.97); T = 1125 (349 – 2111) | τ = 4.53; T = 956 |

Cyt b 3rd positions | |||

T. bernacchi
| τ = 0.54; T = 100 | τ = 0.66 (0.22 – 1); T = 122 (36 – 184) | τ = 0.654; T = 121 |

T. bernacchi (Ross Sea)
| τ = 0.1; T = 19 | τ = 2.9 (0.46 – 4.3); T = 537 (85 – 796) | τ = 0.29; T = 53 |

T. penelli
| τ = 0.121; T = 21 | τ = 3 (0.47 – 4.25); T = 520 (82–737) | τ = 0.12; T = 21 |

P. borchgrevinki
| τ = 1.76; T = 267 | τ = 1.78 (0.46 – 2.49); T = 270 (70 – 378) | τ = 1.8; T = 273 |

T. newnesi
| τ = 1.38; T = 250 | τ = 5.48 (1.5 – 11.8); T = 993 (272 – 2138) | τ = 3.96; T = 717 |

S7 | |||

T. bernacchi
| τ = 0.19; T = 218 | τ = 0.72 (0.36 – 0.95); T = 839 (420 – 1107) | τ = 0.7; T = 815 |

T. bernacchi (Ross Sea)
| τ = 0.16; T = 184 | τ = 0.69 (0.37 – 0.96); T = 804 (441 – 1136) | τ = 0.66; T = 769 |

T. penelli
| τ = 0.56; T = 338 | τ = 1.515 (0.15 – 4.36); T = 917 (91 – 2640) | τ = 3.3; T = 2000 |

P. borchgrevinki
| τ = 0.551; T = 419 | τ = 2.02 (0.936 – 3); T = 1732 (802 – 2517) | τ = 2.7; T = 2116 |

T. newnesi
| τ = 0.88; T = 1053 | τ = 6.65 (2.27 – 15); T = 7957 (2716 – 17949) | τ = 0; T = 0 |