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Table 4 Pairwise comparison of population differentiation among H. ovalis populations

From: Genetic species identification and population structure of Halophila(Hydrocharitaceae) from the Western Pacific to the Eastern Indian Ocean

  HK-tc VN-vp VN-tt MY-sr MY-tg MY-sb MY-bd MY-mg TH-kn MY-jo TH-sa TH-tr IN-ma IN-ka
HK-tc - 0.912 1.183 2.636 1.100 1.879 1.100 1.100 1.146 0.870 0.794 0.691 2.529 1.183
VN-vp 0.477** - 0.221 0.858 0.434 0.591 0.434 0.561 0.288 0.508 0.741 0.791 1.375 1.036
VN-tt 0.542** 0.181** - 1.325 0.547 0.900 0.547 0.858 0.377 0.485 1.046 1.078 1.850 1.375
MY-sr 0.725** 0.462** 0.56** - 0.800 0.594 0.350 0.350 1.535 0.800 0.953 0.918 2.725 1.725
MY-tg 0.524** 0.303** 0.354** 0.444** - 0.818 0.200 0.350 0.332 0.157 0.688 0.723 1.525 0.703
MY-sb 0.653** 0.372** 0.474** 0.373** 0.450** - 0.356 0.356 1.103 0.816 1.169 1.211 2.168 1.502
MY-bd 0.524** 0.303** 0.354** 0.259* 0.167* 0.263** - 0.050 0.480 0.286 0.688 0.723 1.525 1.014
MY-mg 0.524** 0.360** 0.462** 0.259** 0.259* 0.263** 0.048** - 0.628 0.414 0.688 0.723 1.525 1.014
TH-kn 0.534** 0.223** 0.274** 0.605** 0.249* 0.524* 0.324** 0.386** - 0.388 0.976 1.022 1.538 0.686
MY-jo 0.465** 0.337** 0.327** 0.444* 0.136** 0.449** 0.222** 0.293** 0.279** - 0.464 0.508 1.150 0.765
TH-sa 0.443** 0.425** 0.511** 0.488** 0.408** 0.539** 0.408** 0.408** 0.494** 0.317** - 0.000 1.296 0.731
TH-tr 0.409** 0.442** 0.519** 0.479** 0.42** 0.548** 0.420** 0.420** 0.506** 0.337** -0.05ns - 1.280 0.731
IN-ma 0.717** 0.579** 0.649** 0.732** 0.604** 0.684** 0.604** 0.604** 0.606** 0.535** 0.564** 0.561** - 1.280
IN-ka 0.542** 0.509** 0.579** 0.633** 0.413** 0.600** 0.503** 0.503** 0.407** 0.433** 0.422** 0.422** 0.561** -
  1. Genetic differentiation FST (below diagonal) and Slatkin’s genetic distance [41] derived from 14 populations. Statistical significance based on a comparison-wise error rate of α = 0.05 (below diagonal). ns = non-significant, * 0.05 ≥ p > 0.01, ** p < 0.01. Abbreviations as in Figure 1. Data was implemented by Arlequin version 3.5 [42].