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Table 1 Taxa, populations and DNA loci sampled

From: Nuclear and plastid haplotypes suggest rapid diploid and polyploid speciation in the N Hemisphere Achillea millefoliumcomplex (Asteraceae)

Taxa Taxon abbrevi-ations Pop. code Ploidy Geographic locality of populations Collectors and dates Nuclear genes: number of indiv./clones analyzed cpDNA: number of indiv. analyzed
Achillea millefolium agg.       ncpGS SBP  
A. asiatica Serg. s.lat. (= A. sergievskiana Shaulo & Shmakov) asi-2x NM 2x f China: Daqing Mt., 41°04'52" N, 112°35'56" E; 2010 m GR, 2006.08.25 3/8 3/9 4
   ARX 2x f China: Arxan Mt., 47°17'39" N, 120°27'11" E; 1130 m YG, 2007.10.08 3/14 3/14 3
   SHB 2x f China: Hebei, 42°26' N, 117°15' E; 1500 m YG, 2007.07.27 - - 2
   AL1 2x c Russia: Altai, 51°02'52" N, 85°36'47" E; 1100 m MS, 2002.07.30 3/9 3/11 3
A. asiatica Serg. s.str. asi-4x AL9563 4x c Russia: Altai, 49°32'66" N, 88°13'35" E; 2350 m AT, 2003.08.02 3/13 1/5 3
   AL3 4x c Russia: S Siberian lowland near Novosibirsk; 220 m MS, 2002.08.16 3/13 3/15 2
   UT 4x c Uzbekistan: Tashkent, Tschimgan Mt. HG, 2002.11 - 3/15 3
A. asplenifolia Vent. asp BZ 2x c Austria: Burgenland, Zitzmannsdorfer Wiesen Tod, 2001.01.10 3/9 2/8 2
   NS2 2x c Austria: Burgenland, Rust, near lake "Neusiedler See" FE, JS, YG, 2003.05.27 3/9 3/15 3
   Ta 2x f Czech Republic: South Moravia, Terezin FE & LE, 2002.07.12 3/11 2/10 2
A. borealis Bong. s.lat. (A. lanulosa Nutt. var. alpicola Rydb.) bor-alp US2 4x i USA: Washington, Mt. Rainier National Park; 1350-2070 m PS & AT, 2002.08.18 2/12 2/10 2
A. borealis Bong. s.lat. (A. lanulosa Nutt. var.?) bor-lan US5 4x i USA: Connecticut, Hopeville State Park JE, 2004.07.17 2/12 2/10 2
A. borealis Bong. s.lat. (A. lanulosa Nutt. var. lanulosa) bor-lan US6 4x i USA: Utah, ascent from Snowbird Alta to Lake Secret KT, 2004.07.31 3/15 3/18 3
A. ceretanica Sennen s.str. cer-2x 10240 2x c France: E Pyrenees JS, 2001 2/10 2/9 2
A. ceretanica Sennen s.lat. cer-4x 10222 4x c France: Massif Central JS, 2001 2/10 2/9 2
A. cuspidata Wall. cus ID 2x i Kashmir: 34°25.80' N, 75°44.80' E; 3200 m LK, 2004.09.14 1/4 1/5 1
A. distans Waldst. & Kit. ex Willd. dis DIKF 6x i Austria, Kaltenleutgeben, Flösslberge JS, s.n. 2/16 2/13 2
A. inundata Kondr. inu K13 4x i Ukraine: Kiev, S of Desna mouth into Dnjepr; 100 m FE & YG, 2003.07.28 2/9 2/9 2
A. latiloba Ledeb. ex Nordm. lat Geo 2x i Georgia: Adjara, 41°29'55″ N, 42°31'46″ E; 2006 m DK, 2004.07.18 3/12 1/4 3
A. millefolium L. s.lat. (A. apiculata N.I.Orlova) mil-api Ra-c 6x i Russia: Karelia, Louhski region, (a) Kandalaksha Natural Reserve; (b) Kiv bay, near Medvezhij peninsula; (c) near cape Ivanov Navolok OA, 2003.08 5/32 5/37 5
A. millefolium L. s.lat. (A. sudetica Opiz) mil-sud STms 6x i Austria: Salzburg, Hohe Tauern; ca. 2300 m PS, 2002.08.31 2/10 2/15 2
A. roseoalba Ehrend. ros-2x/ros-4x Si3 2x+4xc Slovenia: Ljubljana FE, 2002.07.31 2/8 1/5 2
   Si6 2x+4xc Slovenia: Ljubljana, Podpec FE, 2002.7.31 2/8 1/5 2
   V 2x+4xc Italy: Udine, Kanalta, MalborghettoValbruna JS, 2002.07 3/15 2/10 3
A. schmakovii Kupr. sch AL5 6xc Russia: Altai, 51°02'52'' N, 85°36'47'' E; 1700 m MS, 2002.07.30 2/9 2/15 2
A. setacea Waldst. & Kit. set GR 2x i Greece: Thessaloniki, drain from lake Limni Koronia FE, 2001 1/3 1/5 1
   K4 2x c Ukraine: Kiev, Bald Mt., Lisa Gora FE & YG 2003.07.22 3/7 2/10 2
   NS1 2x c Austria: Burgenland, E of St. Margarethen; ca 200 m FE, JS, YG, 2003.05.27 2/8 2/7 2
   SeAA 2x c Turkey: Anatolia, Aksaray FE, 2002.03.26 3/10 2/10 2
A. styriaca J. Saukel & J. Danihelka, ined. sty StE 4x i Austria: Styria, Einach, Wald JS, s.n. 1/5 1/4 1
Species outside A. millefolium agg.         
A. acuminata (Ledeb.) Schultz Bip. acu CB1 2x f China: Jilin, Changbai Mt., Hancong Valley, 680-620 m YG & GR, 2002.07.24 3/8 3/8  
   ARX2 2x c China: Inner Mongolia, Arxan, N 47°17'39.5", E 120°27'09.9"; 865 m YG, 2007.10.08 3/12 2/11  
   TB5 2x c China: Shanxi, Taibai Mt., N 34°01'17", E 107°18'21"; 1700 m. YG, 2006.09.09 3/9 3/7  
A. ligustica Vis.ex Nym. lig SN 2x i Italy: Sicily, Nebrodi Mts. FE, 2001.09.21 1/3 1/5 1
A. nobilis L. nob ZN 2x i Czech Rep.: Znoimo LE & FE, 2002.07.13 3/24 1/5  
  1. c ploidy level checked by chromosome counting; fploidy level checked by flowcytometry; i ploidy level inferred from FE's previous studies or from literature.
  2. Names of collectors: AT = A. Tribsch; DK = D. Kharazishvili; FE = F. Ehrendorfer; GR = G.-Y. Rao; HG = H. Greger; JE = J. Ehrendorfer; JS = J. Saukel; KT = K. Tremetsberger; LE = L. Ehrendorfer-Schratt; LK = L. Klimes; MS = M. Staudinger; OA = O. Alexandrova; PS = P. Schönswetter; YG = Y.-P. Guo