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Table 2 Means of sample sizes and genetic diversities of the different genetic groups of Melanargia galathea and M. lachesis; p values of Kruskal Wallis ANOVAs among groups are given

From: From Africa to Europe and back: refugia and range shifts cause high genetic differentiation in the Marbled White butterfly Melanargia galathea

  N A H e H o P 95 P tot
All 36.0 ± 7.9 2.10 ± 0.19 17.0 ± 2.2 15.3 ± 2.8 34.5 ± 5.4 45.2 ± 9.4
Morocco 36.0 ± 0.0 2.38 ± 0.10 18.4 ± 1.6 17.6 ± 3.0 36.7 ± 6.7 53.3 ± 5.4
Tunisia 37.4 ± 7.8 2.00 ± 0.17 13.9 ± 2.1 11.6 ± 2.4 33.3 ± 6.7 49.3 ± 8.9
Sicily 37.7 ± 5.8 2.13 ± 0.13 15.8 ± 1.8 13.4 ± 1.3 33.3 ± 6.6 55.6 ± 10.2
Italy + SE France 35.3 ± 8.3 2.19 ± 0.24 17.9 ± 2.3 15.1 ± 2.6 38.1 ± 8.3 52.4 ± 11.2
SW Alps 40 2.13 17.7 12.1 33.3 40.0
eastern Balkans + Central Europe 36.8 ± 7.4 2.04 ± 0.15 17.8 ± 1.7 16.9 ± 2.0 33.7 ± 2.9 38.7 ± 3.6
western Balkans 26.5 ± 15.6 2.01 ± 0.22 15.3 ± 1.3 14.4 ± 1.1 31.6 ± 3.3 40.0 ± 5.5
p (Kruskal Wallis ANOVA) 0.33 0.044 0.019 0.004 0.65 < 0.001
eastern Balkans + Romania 35.7 ± 8.4 2.05 ± 0.15 17.1 ± 2.2 15.5 ± 1.8 33.3 ± 3.8 39.0 ± 4.6
Central Europe 37.7 ± 7.0 2.03 ± 0.16 18.5 ± 1.1 18.0 ± 1.4 34.0 ± 2.2 38.5 ± 2.9
p (Kruskal Wallis ANOVA) 0.56 > 0.99 0.31 0.011 0.75 0.87
M. lachesis 40 2.26 20.8 17.6 40.0 40.0