Skip to main content

Table 1 Molecular phylogenetic analyses attempting to resolve the relationships among malaria parasites.

From: Phylogenomic analyses of malaria parasites and evolution of their exported proteins

Reference Gene* Outgroup taxa Number of ingroup taxa Laverania + avian malaria parasites
Waters et al. 1991 [53] SSU rRNA Acanthamoeba castellani 10 Yes
Escalante and Ayala 1994 [3] SSU rRNA Theileria annulata
Babesia bovis
Sarcocystis fusiformis
11 No
Escalante and Ayala 1995 [56] SSU rRNA Colpidium campylum
Euplotes aediculatus
Glaucoma chattoni
Opisthonecta henneguyi
Paramecium tetraurelia
5 Yes
Qari et al. 1996
[68]
SSU rRNA Toxoplasma gondii,
Paramecium tetraurelia
13 No
Escalante et al. 1998 [69] Cyt b Toxoplasma gondii 17 No
Rathore et al. 2001 [70] SSU rRNA Toxoplasma gondii 8 Yes
  Cyt b Toxoplasma gondii 8 No
  ClpC Toxoplasma gondii 9 No
Perkins and Schall 2002 [58] Cyt b Theileria annulata
Leucocytozoon dubreuli
Leucocytozoon simondi
52 No
Kissinger et al. 2002 [57] SSU rRNA Theileria annulata
Babesia equis
10 Yes
Leclerc et al. 2004
[59]
SSU rRNA Toxoplasma gondii
Sarcocystis fusiformis
Babesia bovis
21 No
Roy and Irimia 2008
[60]
SSU rRNA Leucocytozoon caulleryi
Leucocytozoon sabrazesi
18 No
Martinsen et al. 2008 [61] Cyt b, Cox I, ClpC, ASL (concatenated) Leucocytozoon spp. 57 No
Ollomo et al. 2009 [4] Cyt b, Cox I, Cox III (concatenated) Leucocytozoon caulleryi 17 No
Krief et al. 2010 [7] Dhfr-ts, Msp2 (concatenated) Leucocytozoon sabrazesi 42 No
Silva et al. 2010 [53] 29 proteins
(concatenated)
Theileria annulata
Theileria annulata
8 No
  1. Note that only analyses are listed that included non-Plasmodium species as an outgroup taxa
  2. *Abbreviations: SSU rRNA, 18S small subunit ribosomal RNA; Cyt b, cytochrome b; ClpC, caseinolytic protease C; Cox I and III, cytochrome oxidase I and III; ASL, adenylosuccinate lyase; Dhfr-ts, dihydrofolate reductase-thymidylate synthase; Msp2, merozoite surface protein 2.