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Table 2 Simulation results, based on 1,000 replicates for each scenario (sample size is fixed to 37 individuals, as in the real Au-NCE sample).

From: Population dynamic of the extinct European aurochs: genetic evidence of a north-south differentiation pattern and no evidence of post-glacial expansion

Sampling schemea Ne g Statisticb Mean (95% CI) %Nc %Pc
HET 500 0 D -0.94 (-2.11 ÷ 0.70) 14.5 0.1
    Fs -3.60 (-9.17 ÷ 0.82) 41.9 0.0
IS 500 0 D 0.07 (-1.64 ÷ 2.04) 1.9 4.4
    Fs 0.30 (-3.18 ÷ 5.09) 4.6 1.4
HET 500 0.001 D -0.93 (-2.10 ÷ 0.87) 15.0 0.1
    Fs -3.55 (-9.57 ÷ 1.35) 40.6 0.0
IS 500 0.001 D 0.23 (-1.52 ÷ 2.36) 0.2 6.4
    Fs 0.81 (-2.53 ÷ 5.78) 2.1 2.2
HET 500 0.01 D -0.69 (-1.89 ÷ 1.16) 10.5 1.7
    Fs -1.14 (-3.89 ÷ 1.68) 17.1 0.0
IS 500 0.01 D -0.29 (-1.51 ÷ 1.65) 1.4 1.5
    Fs -0.39 (-2.80 ÷ 2.05) 9.8 0.1
HET 2000 0 D -0.54 (-1.93 ÷ 1.27) 8.0 0.5
    Fs -4.24 (-12.81 ÷ 1.54) 29.0 0.0
IS 2000 0 D 0.03 (-1.66 ÷ 1.86) 1.8 3.3
    Fs -0.09 (-6.40 ÷ 6.55) 4.6 2.4
HET 2000 0.001 D -1.09 (-2.17 ÷ 0.53) 20.0 0.1
    Fs -4.52 (-10.99 ÷ 0.17) 51.6 0.0
IS 2000 0.001 D -0.53 (-1.76 ÷ 0.96) 4.6 0.1
    Fs -2.25 (-7.74 ÷ 2.05) 18.2 0.0
HET 2000 0.01 D -0.69 (-1.88 ÷ 1.17) 12.0 0.2
    Fs -1.16 (-4.13 ÷ 1.66) 19.9 0.0
IS 2000 0.01 D -1.07 (-2.01 ÷ 0.48) 17.5 0.2
    Fs -2.96 (-7.20 ÷ 0.28) 48.4 0.0
HET 10000 0 D 0.04 (-1.47 ÷ 1.83) 1.6 2.9
    Fs -3.79 (-11.83 ÷ 1.46) 17.1 0.0
IS 10000 0 D 0.17 (-1.34 ÷ 1.86) 0.3 4.3
    Fs -1.05 (-7.38 ÷ 4.13) 3.3 1.0
HET 10000 0.001 D -1.23 (-2.06 ÷ -0.15) 20.0 0.0
    Fs -9.98 (-20.37 ÷ -2.62) 81.7 0.0
IS 10000 0.001 D -1.18 (-1.92 ÷ -0.23) 11.0 0.0
    Fs -9.40 (-18.83 ÷ -2.58) 75.5 0.0
HET 10000 0.01 D -0.63 (-1.88 ÷ 1.28) 11.6 0.3
    Fs -1.09 (-4.04 ÷ 1.45) 18.1 0.0
IS 10000 0.01 D -1.70 (-2.31 ÷ -0.77) 58.8 0.0
    Fs -8.43 (-16.01 ÷ -2.56) 94.3 0.0
  1. a HET indicates an heterochronous sampling scheme with sequences ages as in Edwards et al. (2007). IS indicates an isochronous sampling scheme, i.e. all sequences have the same age.
  2. b D and Fs correspond to the neutrality statistics developed by Tajima (1989) and Fu (1997), respectively.
  3. c %N and %P indicate the percentage of simulation displaying a negative and positive significant value of the statistics, respectively.