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  1. Termites of the subfamily Macrotermitinae live in a mutualistic symbiosis with basidiomycete fungi of the genus Termitomyces. Here, we explored interaction specificity in fungus-growing termites using samples fro...

    Authors: Duur K Aanen, Vera ID Ros, Henrik H de Fine Licht, Jannette Mitchell, Z Wilhelm de Beer, Bernard Slippers, Corinne Rouland-LeFèvre and Jacobus J Boomsma

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2007 7:115

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Action potential generation in excitable cells such as myocytes and neurons critically depends on voltage-gated sodium channels. In mammals, sodium channels exist as macromolecular complexes that include a por...

    Authors: Sameer S Chopra, Hiroshi Watanabe, Tao P Zhong and Dan M Roden

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2007 7:113

    Content type: Research article

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  3. In contrast to DNA-mediated transposable elements (TEs), retrotransposons, particularly non-long terminal repeat retrotransposons (non-LTRs), are generally considered to have a much lower propensity towards ho...

    Authors: James K Biedler and Zhijian Tu

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2007 7:112

    Content type: Research article

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  4. The biosynthesis of aflatoxin (AF) involves over 20 enzymatic reactions in a complex polyketide pathway that converts acetate and malonate to the intermediates sterigmatocystin (ST) and O-methylsterigmatocystin (...

    Authors: Ignazio Carbone, Jorge H Ramirez-Prado, Judy L Jakobek and Bruce W Horn

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2007 7:111

    Content type: Research article

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  5. RNA molecules, through their dual appearance as sequence and structure, represent a suitable model to study evolutionary properties of quasispecies. The essential ingredient in this model is the differentiatio...

    Authors: Michael Stich, Carlos Briones and Susanna C Manrubia

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2007 7:110

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Ribosomal proteins (RPs) are key components of ribosomes, the cellular organelle responsible for protein biosynthesis in cells. Their levels can vary as a function of organism growth and development; however, ...

    Authors: Manuel Manchado, Carlos Infante, Esther Asensio, Jose Pedro Cañavate and Susan E Douglas

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2007 7:107

    Content type: Research article

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  7. As bacteria, motile archaeal species swim by means of rotating flagellum structures driven by a proton gradient force. Interestingly, experimental data have shown that the archaeal flagellum is non-homologous ...

    Authors: Elie Desmond, Celine Brochier-Armanet and Simonetta Gribaldo

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2007 7:106

    Content type: Research article

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  8. A controversial topic in evolutionary developmental biology is whether morphological diversification in natural populations can be driven by expansions and contractions of amino acid repeats in proteins. To pr...

    Authors: Charlotte Lindqvist, Liisa Laakkonen and Victor A Albert

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2007 7:105

    Content type: Research article

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  9. The nematode Pristionchus pacificus has originally been developed as a satellite organism for comparison to Caenorhabditis elegans. A 10X coverage of the whole genome of P. pacificus is available, making P. pacif...

    Authors: Werner E Mayer, Matthias Herrmann and Ralf J Sommer

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2007 7:104

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Septins are cytoskeletal GTPase proteins first discovered in the fungus Saccharomyces cerevisiae where they organize the septum and link nuclear division with cell division. More recently septins have been found ...

    Authors: Fangfang Pan, Russell L Malmberg and Michelle Momany

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2007 7:103

    Content type: Research article

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  11. The melanocortin (MC) receptors have a key role in regulating body weight and pigmentation. They belong to the rhodopsin family of G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs). The purpose of this study was to identify...

    Authors: Tatjana Haitina, Janis Klovins, Akiyoshi Takahashi, Maja Löwgren, Aneta Ringholm, Johan Enberg, Hiroshi Kawauchi, Earl T Larson, Robert Fredriksson and Helgi B Schiöth

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2007 7:101

    Content type: Research article

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  12. The mosquito Culex annulirostris Skuse (Diptera: Culicidae) is the major vector of endemic arboviruses in Australia and is also responsible for the establishment of the Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) in southe...

    Authors: Stéphane Hemmerter, Jan Šlapeta, Andrew F van den Hurk, Robert D Cooper, Peter I Whelan, Richard C Russell, Cheryl A Johansen and Nigel W Beebe

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2007 7:100

    Content type: Research article

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  13. The sensory drive hypothesis predicts that divergent sensory adaptation in different habitats may lead to premating isolation upon secondary contact of populations. Speciation by sensory drive has traditionall...

    Authors: Masakado Kawata, Ayako Shoji, Shoji Kawamura and Ole Seehausen

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2007 7:99

    Content type: Research article

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  14. RNA editing and alternative splicing play an important role in expanding protein diversity and this is well illustrated in studies of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs).

    Authors: Yongfeng Jin, Nan Tian, Jun Cao, Jing Liang, Zhaolin Yang and Jianning Lv

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2007 7:98

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Since the mid 1990s populations of non-native apple snails (Ampullariidae) have been discovered with increasing frequency in the continental United States. Given the dramatic effects that introduced apple snai...

    Authors: Timothy A Rawlings, Kenneth A Hayes, Robert H Cowie and Timothy M Collins

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2007 7:97

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Molecular clock dates, which place the origin of animal phyla deep in the Precambrian, have been used to reject the hypothesis of a rapid evolutionary radiation of animal phyla supported by the fossil record. ...

    Authors: Eric Fontanillas, John J Welch, Jessica A Thomas and Lindell Bromham

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2007 7:95

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Non-long terminal repeat (non-LTR) retrotransposons are mobile genetic elements that propagate themselves by reverse transcription of an RNA intermediate. Non-LTR retrotransposons are known to evolve mainly vi...

    Authors: Olga Novikova, Ewa Śliwińska, Victor Fet, Josef Settele, Alexander Blinov and Michal Woyciechowski

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2007 7:93

    Content type: Research article

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  18. That pathogens and hosts coevolve is a powerful concept with broad theoretical and applied implications spanning from genetic theory to the medical and veterinary sciences, particularly in the context of infec...

    Authors: Joanne P Webster, Jaya Shrivastava, Paul J Johnson and Lynsey Blair

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2007 7:91

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Most phylogenetic studies using current methods have focused on primary DNA sequence information. However, RNA secondary structures are particularly useful in systematics because they include characteristics, ...

    Authors: Alejandro Grajales, Catalina Aguilar and Juan A Sánchez

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2007 7:90

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Lateral gene transfer is increasingly invoked to explain phylogenetic results that conflict with our understanding of organismal relationships. In eukaryotes, the most common observation interpreted in this wa...

    Authors: Matthew B Rogers, Russell F Watkins, James T Harper, Dion G Durnford, Michael W Gray and Patrick J Keeling

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2007 7:89

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Metallothionein (mt) transcription is elevated in heavy metal tolerant field populations of Orchesella cincta (Collembola). This suggests that natural selection acts on transcriptional regulation of mt in springt...

    Authors: Thierry KS Janssens, Janine Mariën, Peter Cenijn, J Legler, Nico M van Straalen and Dick Roelofs

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2007 7:88

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Species of the Drosophila obscura species group (e.g., D. pseudoobscura, D. subobscura) have served as favorable models in evolutionary studies since the 1930's. Despite numbers of studies conducted with varied t...

    Authors: Jian-jun Gao, Hide-aki Watabe, Tadashi Aotsuka, Jun-feng Pang and Ya-ping Zhang

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2007 7:87

    Content type: Research article

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  23. The walleye pollock (Theragra chalcogramma) and Norwegian pollock (T. finnmarchica) are confined to the North Pacific and North Atlantic Oceans, respectively, and considered as distinct species within the family ...

    Authors: Anita Ursvik, Ragna Breines, Jørgen Schou Christiansen, Svein-Erik Fevolden, Dag H Coucheron and Steinar D Johansen

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2007 7:86

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Paulinella chromatophora is a freshwater filose amoeba with photosynthetic endosymbionts (chromatophores) of cyanobacterial origin that are closely related to free-living Prochlorococcus and Synechococcus species...

    Authors: Birger Marin, Eva CM Nowack, Gernot Glöckner and Michael Melkonian

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2007 7:85

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Distinguishing the recent introduction of quinolone resistant gonococci into a population from diversification of resistant strains already in the population is important for planning effective infection contr...

    Authors: Marcos Pérez-Losada, Keith A Crandall, Margaret C Bash, Michael Dan, Jonathan Zenilman and Raphael P Viscidi

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2007 7:84

    Content type: Research article

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  26. The lemurs of Madagascar provide an excellent mammalian radiation to explore mechanisms and processes favouring species diversity and evolution. Species diversity, in particular of nocturnal species, increased...

    Authors: Mathias Craul, Elke Zimmermann, Solofonirina Rasoloharijaona, Blanchard Randrianambinina and Ute Radespiel

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2007 7:83

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Female only unisexual vertebrates that reproduce by hybridogenesis show an unusual genetic composition. They are of hybrid origin but show no recombination between the genomes of their parental species. Instea...

    Authors: Christian Som, Homayoun C Bagheri and Heinz-Ulrich Reyer

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2007 7:80

    Content type: Research article

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  28. The type 1 (microbial) rhodopsins are a diverse group of photochemically reactive proteins that display a broad yet patchy distribution among the three domains of life. Recent work indicates that this pattern ...

    Authors: Adrian K Sharma, David A Walsh, Eric Bapteste, Francisco Rodriguez-Valera, W Ford Doolittle and R Thane Papke

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2007 7:79

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Non-ribosomal peptide synthetases (NRPSs) are large multimodular enzymes that synthesize a wide range of biologically active natural peptide compounds, of which many are pharmacologically important. Peptide bo...

    Authors: Christian Rausch, Ilka Hoof, Tilmann Weber, Wolfgang Wohlleben and Daniel H Huson

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2007 7:78

    Content type: Research article

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  30. The rapid evolution of genital morphology is a fascinating feature that accompanies many speciation events. However, the underlying patterns and explanatory processes remain to be settled. In this work we inve...

    Authors: Ignacio M Soto, Valeria P Carreira, Juan J Fanara and Esteban Hasson

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2007 7:77

    Content type: Research article

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  31. High molecular weight glutenin subunits (HMW-GS) have been proved to be mostly correlated with the processing quality of common wheat (Triticum aestivum). But wheat cultivars have limited number of high quality H...

    Authors: Shuwei Liu, Shuangyi Zhao, Fanguo Chen and Guangmin Xia

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2007 7:76

    Content type: Research article

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  32. The GMC oxidoreductases comprise a large family of diverse FAD enzymes that share a homologous backbone. The relationship and origin of the GMC oxidoreductase genes, however, was unknown. Recent sequencing of ...

    Authors: Kaori Iida, Diana L Cox-Foster, Xiaolong Yang, Wen-Ya Ko and Douglas R Cavener

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2007 7:75

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Evolutionary rates are not constant across the human genome but genes in close proximity have been shown to experience similar levels of divergence and selection. The higher-order organisation of chromosomes h...

    Authors: James GD Prendergast, Harry Campbell, Nick Gilbert, Malcolm G Dunlop, Wendy A Bickmore and Colin AM Semple

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2007 7:72

    Content type: Research article

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  34. The Bacteroidetes and Chlorobi species constitute two main groups of the Bacteria that are closely related in phylogenetic trees. The Bacteroidetes species are widely distributed and include many important period...

    Authors: Radhey S Gupta and Emily Lorenzini

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2007 7:71

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Maintenance of homeostasis requires that an organism perceive selected physical and chemical signals within an informationally dense environment. Functionally, an organism uses a variety of signal transduction...

    Authors: Melinda R Duplessis, Kenneth G Karol, Elinor T Adman, Lauren YS Choi, Michael A Jacobs and Rose Ann Cattolico

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2007 7:70

    Content type: Research article

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  36. The endosymbiont Wolbachia pipientis infects a broad range of arthropod and filarial nematode hosts. These diverse associations form an attractive model for understanding host:symbiont coevolution. Wolbachia's ub...

    Authors: Jeremy C Brownlie, Marcin Adamski, Barton Slatko and Elizabeth A McGraw

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2007 7:68

    Content type: Research article

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  37. Nuclear insertions of mitochondrial sequences (NuMts) have been identified in a wide variety of organisms. Trafficking of genetic material from the mitochondria to the nucleus has occurred frequently during ma...

    Authors: Sergios-Orestis Kolokotronis, Ross DE MacPhee and Alex D Greenwood

    Citation: BMC Evolutionary Biology 2007 7:67

    Content type: Research article

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