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Table 1 Cranial features associated with the adaptation to myrmecophagy

From: Flexible conservatism in the skull modularity of convergently evolved myrmecophagous placental mammals

Common name Clade Tooth loss Long rostrum Zygomatic arch
Anteaters Xenarthra Yes Yes Absent
Giant armadillo Xenarthra Partial Yes Present
Aardvark Tubulidentata Partial Yes Present
Pangolins Pholidota Yes Yes/no Absent
Aardwolf Carnivora Partial No Present