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Table 2 Food items consumed at each site, including the size of the plant part as well as the the observed size of each bite and consumption rate

From: The gut microbiome as an indicator of habitat disturbance in a Critically Endangered lemur

Site Family Plant genus Plant sp. Common name Plant part Exotic Plant part size (g) Bite size (g) Consumption rate (bites/min)
Mangevo Rubiaceae Adena Microcephala Voakiringy Fruit 0.6 0.6* 1.42
Mangevo Loranthaceae Bakerella Clavata Tongolahy Mature leaves 0.66 0.33 3.85
Mangevo Burseraceae Canarium Madagascariensis Ramy Fruit 0.5 0.5* 0.55
Mangevo Apocynaceae Carissa Edulis Fantsy Fruit 52.5 17.5 0.61
Mangevo Lauraceae Cryptocarya Acuminata Tavolomalady Mature leaves 2.08 0.52* 2.41
Mangevo Lauraceae Cryptocarya Ovalifolia Tavolomanitra Mature leaves 2.08 0.52 3.31
Mangevo Lauraceae Cryptocarya Unknown Tavolo Fruit 0.4 0.4* 1.32
Mangevo Lauraceae Cryptocarya Unknown Tavolo Mature leaves 0.4 0.4 4.79
Mangevo Rubiaceae Danais sp. Vahitamboro Mature leaves 2.84 0.71 3.42
Mangevo Moraceae Ficus Lutea Amontana Fruit 3.4 3.4 1.37
Mangevo Moraceae Ficus reflexa Nonoka small Young leaves 0.13 0.13 5.12
Mangevo Moraceae Ficus Reflexa Nonoka small Fruit 0.24 0.24 5.55
Mangevo Clusiaceae Garcinia Aphanophlebia Voamalabotaho lahy Mature leaves 2.64 0.33 3.52
Mangevo Melastomataceae Medinilla Unknown Kalamasimbarika Mature leaves 0.7 0.35 2.57
Mangevo Melastomataceae Medinilla Unknown Kalamasimbarika Fruit 0.7 0.35* 2.59
Mangevo Melastomataceae Medinilla Unknown Kalamasimbarika Young leaves 0.7 0.35 1.5
Mangevo Asteraceae Mikania Unknown Vahia Flowers 0.03 0.03* 7.84
Mangevo Rubiaceae Mussaenda Erectiloba Fatora Fruit 0.3 0.3* 2.11
Mangevo Anacardiaceae Mycronychia Unknown Sehana Buds 0.1 0.1* 6.65
Mangevo Lauraceae Ocotea Unknown Varongy Mature leaves 0.57 0.19 1.93
Mangevo Lauraceae Ocotea Unknown Varongy Fruit 0.57 0.19 2.8
Mangevo Myrsinaceae Oncostemum Botryoides Kalafana large Stem 0.2 0.2 2.83
Mangevo Araliaceae Polyscias Unknown Vatsilana Young leaves 0.15 0.15 5.28
Mangevo Lauraceae Potamea Unknown Sary Mature leaves 2.2 0.44 3.09
Mangevo Lauraceae Potamea Unknown Sary Young leaves 0.2 0.2* 0.96
Mangevo Anacadiaceae Protorhus-Abrahamia Unknown Sandramy Fruit 0.2 0.2* 1.91
Mangevo Rubiaceae Psychotria Unknown Fohananasity Fruit 0.55 1.1* 7.05
Mangevo - unknown Unknown unknown epiphyte Young leaves Unknown 0.5 0.5* 2.77
Sangasanga Moraceae Artocarpus Heterophyllus Ampalibe Fruit Exotic 126 1.5* 6.52
Sangasanga Burseraceae Canarium Madagascariensis Ramy Fruit 4.42 4.42 1.64
Sangasanga Moraceae Ficus Lutea Voara Young leaves 0.49 0.49 3.95
Sangasanga Moraceae Ficus Lutea Voara Fruit 0.49 0.49 1.28
Sangasanga Moraceae Ficus Soroceoides (Politoria) Nonoka large Fruit 1.14 1.14 2.8
Sangasanga Moraceae Ficus Trichoclada (Polyphlebia) Nonoka small Stick 0.52 0.52 6.54
Sangasanga Moraceae Ficus Trichoclada (polyphlebia) Nonoka small Fruit 0.48 0.48 6.67
Sangasanga Lauraceae Ocotea Cymosa Varongy beravina Fruit 3.5 3.5 0.94
Sangasanga Strelitziaceae Ravenala Madagascariensis Ravinala Nectar 3.192 0.456* 2.18
Sangasanga Arecaceae Ravenea Robustior Lafa vonitra Young leaves 0.4 0.4* 1.45
Sangasanga Arecaceae Ravenea Robustior Lafa vonitra Fruit 6.9 6.9 4.79
Sangasanga Euphorbiaceae Suregada Celastroides Ampaliala mandindravina Young leaves 0.52 0.52 7.46
Sangasanga Moraceae Trilepisium Madagascariense Ampaliala Young leaves 0.52 0.52* 10.25
Sangasanga Annonaceae Xylopia Buxifolia Ramiavona Young leaves 0.45 0.45* 1.03
Vatovavy Strelitziaceae Ravenala Madagascariensis Ravinala Nectar 3.648 0.456* 2.42
Vatovavy Euphorbiaceae Uapaca Ferruginea Voapaka Fruit 2.5 2.5* 0.99
Vatovavy Unknown Unknown Vahy Young leaves Unknown 0.21 0.21 4
  1. aEstimate of bite size based on other food items