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Table 3 Full and final linear mixed-effect models analysing parental care-related factors on Pimephales promelas shoaling density

From: Paternal care effects outweigh gamete-mediated and personal environment effects during the transgenerational estimation of risk in fathead minnows

  dfNumerator for fixed effects dfDenominator for fixed effects F for fixed effects,
χ2 for random effects
P
Prestimulus shoaling density
 Full model
  Average care intensity × risk treatment 2 17.540 1.664 0.218
  Slope of care intensity × risk treatment 2 13.633 0.672 0.527
  Average care intensity × care type 1 14.938 4.463 0.052
  Slope of care intensity × care type 1 21.839 0.485 0.494
  Average care intensity 1 14.381 3.393 0.086
  Slope of care intensity 1 18.498 0.094 0.763
  Risk treatment 2 18.630 1.481 0.253
  Care type 1 15.871 4.301 0.055
  Caring parent ID × family    0.000 0.990
  Family    1.863 0.172
Final model
  Caring parent ID × family    6.168 0.013
  Family    0.532 0.466
Change in shoaling density
Full model     
  Average care intensity × risk treatment 2 75 1.939 0.151
  Slope of care intensity × risk treatment 2 75 3.713 0.029
  Average care intensity × care type 1 75 0.161 0.690
  Slope of care intensity × care type 1 75 0.810 0.371
  Average care intensity 1 75 1.831 0.180
  Slope of care intensity 1 75 4.654 0.034
  Risk treatment 2 75 2.270 0.110
  Care type 1 75 0.066 0.798
  Caring parent ID × family    < 0.001 1.000
  Family    < 0.001 1.000
Final model
  Average care intensity × care type 1 56.635 10.353 0.002
  Average care intensity 1 73.983 14.616 < 0.001
  Risk treatment 2 37.101 5.841 0.006
  Care type 1 57.968 9.439 0.003
  Caring parent ID × family    < 0.001 1.000
  Family    1.694 0.193
Final model—own offspring
  Average care intensity 1 37 13.600 < 0.001
  Risk treatment 1 37 8.423 0.006
  Caring parent ID × family    < 0.001 1.000
  Family    < 0.001 1.000
  Final model—adopted offspring
  Average care intensity 1 18.552 0.235 0.633
  Risk treatment 1 18.516 0.721 0.407
  Caring parent ID × family    < 0.001 1.000
 Family    < 0.001 1.000
  1. Only the data from the four parental care treatments are analyzed here