Skip to main content

Table 2 Full and final linear mixed-effect models analysing variation in Pimephales promelas shoaling density

From: Paternal care effects outweigh gamete-mediated and personal environment effects during the transgenerational estimation of risk in fathead minnows

  dfNumerator for fixed effects dfDenominator for fixed effects F for fixed effects, χ2 for random effects P
Prestimulus shoaling density  
Full model
  Risk treatment × paternal condition 11 148.372 0.772 0.667
  Risk treatment × maternal condition 11 140.796 1.268 0.249
  Risk treatment × average size in shoal 11 264.480 1.481 0.138
  Risk treatment × shoal homogeneity 11 264.351 1.373 0.185
  Paternal condition 1 50.328 4.988 0.030
  Maternal condition 1 45.140 0.000 0.988
  Average size in shoal 1 254.976 8.358 0.004
  Shoal homogeneity 1 280.986 11.717 < 0.001
  Risk treatment 11 195.375 1.595 0.103
  Family    42.265 < 0.001
  Final model
  Average size in shoal 1 272.430 5.012 0.026
  Shoal homogeneity 1 279.450 10.990 0.001
  Risk treatment 11 128.890 2.270 0.014
  Family    63.544 < 0.001
Change in shoaling density
Full model
  Risk treatment × paternal condition 11 281 1.447 0.152
  Risk treatment × maternal condition 11 281 1.729 0.067
  Risk treatment × average size in shoal 11 281 1.409 0.168
  Risk treatment × shoal homogeneity 11 281 0.481 0.915
  Paternal condition 1 281 0.079 0.779
  Maternal condition 1 281 2.513 0.114
  Average size in shoal 1 281 3.589 0.059
  Shoal homogeneity 1 281 13.711 < 0.001
  Risk treatment 11 281 1.722 0.068
  Family    < 0.001 1.000
 Final model
  Shoal homogeneity 1 281 9.033 0.003
  Risk treatment 11 281 2.911 0.001
  Family    < 0.001 1.000