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Table 1 Full and final linear mixed-effect models analysing variation in Pimephales promelas parental care intensity

From: Paternal care effects outweigh gamete-mediated and personal environment effects during the transgenerational estimation of risk in fathead minnows

  dfNumerator for fixed effects dfDenominator for fixed effects F for fixed effects, χ2 for random effects P
Variation in parental care
 Full model
  Care type × day of care 1 58.930 0.276 0.602
  Care type × final clutch size 1 40.541 0.487 0.489
  Care type × proportional change in clutch size 1 41.487 1.184 0.283
  Day of care 1 29.439 6.198 0.019
  Final clutch size 1 39.478 0.731 0.398
  Proportional change in clutch size 1 41.589 1.755 0.193
   Care type 1 39.905 2.936 0.094
  Caring parent ID × family    4.351 0.114
  Family    1.616 0.446
Final model
  Day of care 1 31.735 6.035 0.020
  Proportional change in clutch size 1 39.337 5.731 0.022
 Care type 1 25.724 13.138 0.001
  Caring parent ID × family    5.114 0.078
  Family    1.498 0.473
  1. Care type (i.e., taking care of own or adopted eggs) was the fixed effect of interest. Variation in parental care (i.e., proportion of time spent next to the clutch) was Yeo-Johnson transformed before analysis