Skip to main content
Fig. 4 | BMC Ecology and Evolution

Fig. 4

From: Experimental increase of worker diversity benefits brood production in ants

Fig. 4

Control (n = 8) and treatment (n = 8) colonies differed in the standard deviation, but not the average, in head width (measured in mm). The large dots depict the mean ± standard error. The small dots represent the raw data points. The experimental increase in worker diversity resulted in (A) a higher within-colony variation in head width (ANOVA: F1,14 = 26.42, p < 0.001) but (B) no difference in the average head width per colony (ANOVA: F1,14 = 0.099, p = 0.76)

Back to article page