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Table 3 PGLS and phylogenetic signal results

From: Functional ecological convergence between the thylacine and small prey-focused canids

  Total cranium dataset
Kmult = 0.1328, p = 0.001
Facial patch dataset
Kmult = 0.1724, p = 0.001
Neurocranial patch dataset
Kmult = 0.1181, p = 0.001
Function Df R2 F Z p R2 F Z p R2 F Z p
Pcoords ~ ln(Csize) 1.55 0.353 29.977 4.839 0.001 0.262 19.521 3.905 0.001 0.443 43.701 4.887 0.001
Pcoords ~ clade 2.54 0.003 0.069 − 4.680 1.000 0.003 0.072 − 4.187 1.000 0.003 0.077 − 3.893 1.000
Pcoords ~ prey/predator mass ratio 1.54 0.130 8.041 3.214 0.005 0.094 5.577 2.434 0.007 0.088 5.205 2.432 0.014
Pcoords ~ dietary category (coarse) 2.53 0.028 0.763 − 0.084 0.498 0.016 0.441 − 0.874 0.800 0.077 2.214 1.514 0.087
Pcoords ~ dietary category (fine) 9.46 0.136 0.805 − 0.287 0.591 0.124 0.721 − 0.592 0.721 0.208 1.339 0.781 0.217
ln(Csize) ~ clade 2.54 0.001 0.023 − 2.409 0.973 0.001 0.023 − 2.307 0.969 0.001 0.031 − 2.189 0.968
ln(Csize) ~ prey/predator mass ratio 1.54 0.111 6.749 1.467 0.019 0.089 5.294 1.373 0.029 0.116 7.077 1.515 0.019
ln(Csize) ~ dietary category (coarse) 2.53 0.084 2.432 1.163 0.106 0.091 2.655 1.182 0.080 0.087 2.528 1.167 0.105
ln(Csize) ~ dietary category (fine) 9.46 0.175 1.086 0.366 0.354 0.198 1.263 0.567 0.288 0.183 1.146 0.437 0.329
  1. Multivariate phylogenetic signal test (Kmult) results indicate low but significant signal in each dataset. All significant results after Benjamini–Hochberg adjustment (α = 0.10) in bold