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Table 1. Predictors of offspring body size and developmental duration

From: Care-giver identity impacts offspring development and performance in an annually social bumble bee

Trait Analysis Model Estimate Standard error z-value p-value Direction
Body size Gamma GLM Body size ~
Group (care-giver)
+ random factor “source colony”
+ random factor “nest ID”
0.444 0.134 z = 3.312 < 0.001 *** QR < WR
Developmental duration Gamma GLM Development time ~
+ random factor “source colony”
+ random factor “nest ID”
na na na na na
  1. Results are from best-fitting models. The Generalized Linear Model (GLM) for Gamma distribution was used in modeling continuous data. Asterisks indicate statistical significance; significance code: ‘***’ 0.001