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Table 2 Hierarchical analysis of molecular variance (AMOVA) in collected Strongyllodes variegatus samples from 15 populations

From: High genetic diversity and strong genetic structure of Strongyllodes variegatus populations in oilseed rape production areas of China

Source of variation df Sum of squares % of variation Fixation indices
All populations     
Among populations 14 446.669 42.50  
Within populations 422 599.926 57.50 FST = 0.425***
Three regions     
Among regions 2 391.765 47.01 FCT = 0.470***
Among populations within regions 12 54.904 3.80 FSC = 0.072***
Within populations 422 599.926 49.18 FST = 0.508***
NW vs. CC     
Among regions 1 124.847 33.89 FCT = 0.339**
Among populations within regions 7 46.483 5.95 FSC = 0.090***
Within populations 248 438.452 60.16 FST = 0.398***
NW vs. CE     
Among regions 1 89.300 38.88 FCT = 0.389**
Among populations within regions 7 26.418 5.11 FSC = 0.084***
Within populations 263 265.672 56.00 FST = 0.440***
CC vs. CE     
Among regions 1 332.830 54.95 FCT = 0.550***
Among populations within regions 10 36.907 2.23 FSC = 0.050***
Within populations 333 495.727 42.82 FST = 0.572***
  1. AMOVA partitioned among all populations and three regions: NW region (GDQH, HZGS, ZYGS), CC region (GYSC, HZSX, AKSX, FJCQ, ESHB, LCHB) and CE region (AQAH, LAAH, HFAH, CHAH, NJJS, ZJJS)
  2. **P ≤ 0.001, ***P ≤ 0.0001 after 1023 permutations