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Table 1 Number of gene gain (+) and loss (−) (in parenthesis) and functional annotation for all rapidly-evolving gene families. In bold, rapid/expansions in independently-evolved hematophagous lineages

From: Expansions and contractions in gene families of independently-evolved blood-feeding insects

OrthoDB ID Lineage (gene change) Functional annotation
EOG090W0E1I Aedes aegypti(+ 8), Culicidae (+ 2),Cimex lecturianus(+ 2), Culex quinquefasciatus (− 7) Metal ion binding
EOG090W022L Culicinae (+ 4),Culex quinquefasciatus(+ 3),Phlebotomus papatasi(+ 4), Culicidae (+ 4), Lutzomyia longipalpis (− 12) Carboxylic ester hydrolase activity
EOG090W0LR7 Aedes aegypti(− 3),Lutzomyia longipalpis(− 4), Homoladisca vitripennis (+ 3), Lucilia cuprina (+ 3), Culex quinquefasciatus (+ 2), Zootermopsis nevadensis (+ 2)
EOG090W0JL7 Anopheles gambiae(− 12), Psychodidae (− 8), Musca domestica (+ 6), Aedes aegypti (+ 11), Culicinae (+ 7), Culicidae (+ 4), Heliconius melpomene (+ 3) Chemosensory protein