Skip to main content

Table 2 Fossils supporting each of the node calibrations and the prior distributions selected for the Bayesian time divergence analysis. Node numbers are depicted in Fig. 1

From: An exploration of the complex biogeographical history of the Neotropical banner-wing damselflies (Odonata: Polythoridae)

Node/TAXA Fossil Classification and estimated ages Type Locality/PaleoDB Prior distribution
Root Odonata, Zygoptera, Eosagrionidae, Eosagrion risi †, Early Jurassic, Toarcian, 183–182 Ma (Handlirsch, 1920) Germany/ Dobbertin, Mecklenburg
PaleoDB 123,987
Uniform prior distribution max = 183
min = 47.8
Calopterygoidea Odonata, Zygoptera, Calopterygoidea, Calopterygidae Sinocalopteryx shanyongensis †, Eocene, Ypresian (56–47.8 Ma) NIGP 151367 (Lin et al., 2010)
Odonata, Zygoptera, Epallagidae, Labandeiraia europae †, Eocene, Ypresian (56–47.8 Ma)
Odonata, Zygoptera, Epallagidae, Ejerslevia haraldi †, Eocene, Ypresian (56–47.8 Ma) (Zessin, 2011)
Yunnan, China
PaleoDB 113,892
Island of Fur, Denmark
PaleoDB 123,998, 127,173
Ejerslev, Mors, Denmark
PaleoDB 157,041
Outgroup
Euphaeidae
Odonata, Zygoptera, Epallagidae, Labandeiraia americaborealis †, Eocene, Bridgerian (50–46.2 Ma) 31.665A-B (Petrulevicius et al., 2007)
Odonata, Zygoptera, Epallagidae, Litheuphaea coloradensis †, Eocene, Bridgerian (50–46.2 Ma) BMNH Pl II 562 (Petrulevicius et al., 2007)
Odonata, Zygoptera, Epallagidae, Eodichroma mirifica †, Late/Upper Eocene, (37.2–33.9)
(Cockerell 1923)
Odonata, Zygoptera, Epallagidae, Litheuphaea ludwigi †, Eocene, Priabonian (38–33.9 Ma) (Bechly,1990)
Odonata, Zygoptera, Epallagidae, Elektroeuphaea flecki †, Eocene, Priabonian (38–33.9 Ma) (Nel et al., 2013)
Odonata, Zygoptera, Epallagidae, Parazacallites aquisextanea †, Oligocene, Chattian (28.1–23.03 Ma) MNHN IPM-R.06688 (Nel, 1988)
Colorado, USA
PaleoDB = 107,337
Colorado, USA
PaleoDB = 107,337
Texas, USA
PaleoDB = 130,390
Baltic Amber, Russian Federation
PaleoDB = 123,911
Baltic Amber, Poland
PaleoDB = 123,215
Bouches-Du-Rhone, France
PaleoDB 123,943
LogNormal; mean = 50; std. = 0.15
Ingroup/ Polythoridae Odonata, Zygoptera, Polythoroidea, Bolcathore colorata †, Eocene, Lutetian (47.8–41.3 Ma) MCSNV I.G. 37,582 (Gentilini, 2002)
Odonata, Zygoptera,
Polythoroidea, Bolcathore sp. †, Eocene, Priabonian (38–33.9 Ma) MCSNV I.G. 37,582 (Nel and Fleck, 2014)
Odonata, Zygoptera, Protothore explicata †, Eocene, Bartonian (41.3–38 Ma) (Cockrell, 1930)
Pesciara di Bolca, Italy
PaleoDB = 122,230
Isle of Wight, United Kingdom
PaleoDB = 123,960
California, USA
PaleoDB = 117,537
Uniform prior distribution max = 48
min = 33.9