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Table 1 Holocene terrestrial vertebrate taxa of Madagascar that were present on continental Africa in the Paleocene or Eocene and that likely colonized (or whose close relatives may have colonized) Madagascar prior to the Oligocene, arriving either via vicariance or via transoceanic dispersal from continental Africa

From: Mid-Cenozoic climate change, extinction, and faunal turnover in Madagascar, and their bearing on the evolution of lemurs

African Taxon
(Paleocene or Eocene)
Malagasy Taxon
(Holocene)
Class, Order Disp. adv.? Fossils found where?
Podocnemididae Podocnemididae Sauropsida, Testudines yes Cretaceous of Madagascar, Eocene of Algeria and Egypt
Boidae Boidae Sauropsida, Squamata no Eocene of Egypt and Paleocene of Morocco
Colubridae Lamprophiidae Sauropsida, Squamata no Eocene of Egypt
Gekkonidae Gekkonidae Sauropsida, Squamata no Paleocene of Morocco
Scincomorpha Scincomorpha Sauropsida, Squamata no Paleocene of Morocco
Ranoideaa Ranidae Amphibia, Anura no Eocene of Namibia
Phaethontidae Phaethontidae Aves, Phaethontiformes yes Eocene of Morocco
Lorisoidea Lemuroidea Mammalia, Primates no Eocene of Egypt and Tunisia
Afrosoricida Plesiorycteropodidae Mammalia, Afrosoricida no Eocene of Egypt
Myzopodidae Myzopodidae Mammalia, Chiroptera yes Eocene of Egypt
Nycteridae Nycteridae Mammalia, Chiroptera yes Eocene of Tunisia
  1. aRanoidea, previously a superfamily, is now considered a major clade of Neobatrachian amphibians