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Table 3 Kendall’s τ results testing nine different modularity hypotheses of metric growth

From: Postcranial heterochrony, modularity, integration and disparity in the prenatal ossification in bats (Chiroptera)

  Chiroptera Aves Non-volant mammals
Vertebral column (1) 0.2 (0.8065) −0.111 (1) 0.738 (0.129)
Axial skeleton (2) 0.879 (< 0.0001)* 0.576 (0.1662) 0.806 (< 0.0001)*
Appendicular skeleton (3) 0.818 (0.0002)* 0.795 (< 0.0001)* 0.907 (< 0.0001)*
Armwing (4) 1 (1) 0.816 (1) 1 (1)
Handwing (5) 1 (1) 0.333 (1) 1 (1)
Forelimb functional (6) 1 (0.0085) 0.745 (0.0691) 1 (0.0085)
Hindlimb functional (7) 0.714 (0.0187) 0.837 (0.0061) 0.837 (0.0061)
Abaxial skeleton (8) 0.856 (< 0.0001)* 0.495 (< 0.0053) 0.775 (< 0.0001)*
Primaxial skeleton (9) 0.467 (0.2596) 0.286 (0.5593) 0.828 (0.0354)
  1. P values shown in parentheses. Values in bold were statistically significant before Bonferroni correction, and asterisks indicate significance after correction (P < 0.05/29 = 0.0017)