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Table 1 The sampling localities of Semnopithecus entellus and the major habitat characteristics of the habitat

From: Riverine barrier effects on population genetic structure of the Hanuman langur (Semnopithecus entellus) in the Nepal Himalaya

Area Symbol Lat. (N) Long. (E) ASL (m) Major habitat characteristics
Tamku, Sankhuwasabha TS 27°27′34.64” 87°18′58.79” 556 Shorea forest Albizia, Callicarpa, Helicia, Castanopsis, Ficus, Baliospermum, Alnus, Macaranga and climbers
Mulghat, Dhankuta MD 26°56′07.21” 87°19′56.14” 280 Shorea forest with Bombax, Terminalia, Adina etc.
Rishing, LNP R-LNP 28°10′21.28” 85°21′01.94” 1950 Temperate forest with Pinus, Acer, Magnolia, Quercus, Rhododendron etc.
Khanjim, LNP K-LNP 28°10′05.63” 85°21′40.75” 2508
Shyafrubesi, LNP S-LNP 28°09′35.82” 85°20′53.77” 1477
Khalte, Dhading KD 27°51′03.80” 84°59′29.30” 689 Shorea, Albizia, Ficus, Eranthemum, Morus, Macaranga, Syzygium etc.
Baseri, Gorkha BG 27°50′28.15” 84°45′59.61” 382 Shorea forest with Terminalia, Adina, Bombax etc.
Saattale, Lamjung SL 28°27′05.73” 84°22′33.25” 1533 Schima-Castanopsis, Quercus, Toona, Engelhardtia, Ficus, Bombax etc.
Kushma, Parbat KP 28°13′37.42” 83°40′26.34” 877 Riverine broad-leaved forest Shorea, Bombax, Anacardium etc.
Dhairing, Parbat DP 28°19′19.53” 83°35′43.53” 1080 Riverine broad-leaved forest with Bombax, Phyllanthus, Wordfordia, Zizyphus, Spatholobus and climbers
Balewa, Parbat BP 28°11′30.56” 83°39′07.74” 685 Shorea forest with Terminalia, Adina etc.
Reshunga, Gulmi RG 28°04′24.54” 83°15′42.14” 1748 Temperate broad-leaved forest with Albizzia, Pinus, Prunus etc.
Banke NP BNP 28°35′09.47” 81°17′06.51” 225 Tropical Shorea forest with Acacia, Terminalia, Bombax, Bauhinia, Symplocos, Dalbergia, etc
Chisapani, Bardiya NP CBNP 28°37′59.05” 81°16′57.72” 212 Tropical Shorea forest with Acacia, Terminalia, Bombax, Bauhinia, Ficus, Dalbergia etc.
Suklaphanta NP SPNP 28°50′09.90” 80°09′02.28” 180 Tropical Shorea forest with Acacia, Bombax, Dalbergia, Terminalia etc.
Okhreni, ANCA O-ANCA 29°52′43.80” 80°54′58.60” 2513 Pinus, Quercus, Rhododendron, Betula, Aconitum etc.
Dhaumula, ANCA D-ANCA 29°53′48.90” 80°56′11.12” 3328 Pinus, Quercus, Rhododendron, Alnus, Daphne, Laurel etc.
Dhaulo Odar ANCA DO-ANCA 29°56′41.06” 80°56′27.78” 3798 Pinus, Quercus, Rhododendron, Daphne, Laurel etc.
  1. Note: NP National Park, LNP Langtang National Park, ANCA Api Nampa Conservation Area]