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Table 2 Hierarchical analysis of molecular variance (AMOVA) for D. galeata populations, based on microsatellites and mtDNA, respectively. Between-region (i.e. Eastern China and Central Europe) variation is estimated in relation to within-region and within-population components

From: Cytonuclear diversity and shared mitochondrial haplotypes among Daphnia galeata populations separated by seven thousand kilometres

Marker type Source of variation DF Explained variation (%) P
Microsatellites Between regions 1 32.80 <  0.001
Among populations (within region) 23 18.91 <  0.001
Among individuals (within population) 1983 48.29 <  0.001
mtDNA Between regions 1 71.67 <  0.005
Among populations (within region) 22 12.62 <  0.001
Among individuals (within population) 230 15.71 <  0.001