Skip to main content

Table 2 Two-way PERMANOVA detected significant differences in contact and alarm calls between birds at different rivers and of different family membership

From: Evolution of contact and alarm calls in the Kenyan endemic Hinde’s babbler (Aves: Passeriformes)

Factor Contact calls Alarm calls
d.f. Pseudo-F P(F) d.f. Pseudo-F P(F)
River 2 3.54 < 0.001 2 38.16 < 0.001
Family 10 4.34 < 0.001 13 15.48 < 0.001
River×Family 20 0.62 0.10 26 12.36 < 0.001
  1. Error degrees of freedom (d.f.): contact calls: 468; alarm calls: 524