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Table 2 Evolutionary shape rate results and Modular Evolutionary Rate Results, with associated p values for significance testing. Test statistics include σ2R for the evolutionary shape rate ratio between the two subfamilies, Rmult is the module shape rate ratio between different modules, and the subscripts "E" and "G" represent Empetrichthyinae and Goodeinae, respectively

From: Disentangling the drivers of diversification in an imperiled group of freshwater fishes (Cyprinodontiformes: Goodeidae)

Comparison σ2R P σ 2E σ 2G
Body Shape
 LM 1–18 1.94 0.041 9.839 × 10−4 1.900 × 10−3
Head Shape
 LM 1–12 1.564 0.15 2.368 × 10−3 3.730 × 10−3
Tail Shape
 LM = 9–14 2.51 0.021 5.567 × 10−3 1.397 × 10−2
 Comparison Rmult P σ 2B σ 2A
Modular Traits
 A = LM 1–8, 15–18 2.556 0.0007 0.002737 0.001071
 B = LM 9–14    2.74 × 10−3 1.07 × 10− 3