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Table 1 Summary of chinstrap penguin samples used, genetic diversity indices and neutrality test results

From: Chinstrap penguin population genetic structure: one or more populations along the Southern Ocean?

        HVRI Microsatellite loci
Region Colony (abbreviation) Coordinates N H S Hd π D Fs N A Ho He FIS
WAP – SSI Elephant Island (EI) 61°13’S 55°21’W 17 13 13 0.96 0.01 2.35 −1.47 − 10.1 17 5.55 0.62 0.62 0.003
  Penguin Island (PI) 62°06’S 57°56’W 17 14 19 0.98 0.01 3.43 −1.54 −9.47 19 5.91 0.70 0.67 −0.053
  Barton Peninsula (BP) 62°14’S 58°46’W 22 19 18 0.98 0.01 3.37 −1.17 −17.4 29 6.18 0.57 0.62 0.081
  Ardley Island (AI) 62°13’S 58°56’W 12 10 13 0.97 0.01 3.26 −1.03 −5.45 14 5.27 0.60 0.66 0.096
  Greenwich Island (GI) 62°31’S 59°47’W 14 12 16 0.98 0.01 2.97 −1.68 −8.57 14 5.18 0.61 0.64 0.048
  Miers Bluff (MB) 62°43’S 60°26’W 9 8 10 0.97 0.01 2.89 −1.00 −4.47 11 5.00 0.61 0.62 0.019
  Hannah Point (HP) 62°39’S 54°36’W 20 14 17 0.95 0.01 3.13 −1.30 −8.19 25 5.91 0.64 0.64 0.001
  Cape Shirreff (CS) 62°28’S 60°48’W 22 18 19 0.97 0.01 2.92 −1.63 −16.4 30 6.46 0.61 0.64 0.039
  Baily Head (BH) 62°58’S 60°30’W 8 7 9 0.96 0.01 2.60 −1.21 −3.67 9 5.10 0.70 0.71 0.011
  Vapour Col (VC) 63°00’S 60°44’W 13 13 15 1 0.01 3.44 −1.21 −11.9 15 5.46 0.67 0.65 −0.025
WAP - AP Kopaitic Island (KI) 63°19’S 57°55’W 26 26 32 1 0.01 4.40 −1.77 −25.7 30 6.36 0.63 0.64 0.028
  Georges Point (GP) 64°40’S 62°39’W 9 9 14 1 0.01 3.72 −1.33 −6.00 15 5.82 0.64 0.64 −0.003
SAI Bouvetøya (BI) 54°26’S 3°23′E 18 16 18 1 0.01 3.44 −1.32 −13.1 23 5.73 0.65 0.65 −0.001
  Total 61°10’S 55°00’W 207 119 55 0.98 0.01 3.32 −1.92 −25.9 251 5.69 0.63 0.65 0.003
  1. Bold values are significantly different from zero after the FDR correction (p < 0.05 for D and p < 0.01 for Fs)
  2. Geographical regions (SAI: Sub-Antarctic Islands; WAP: West Antarctic Peninsula; SSI: South Shetland Islands; AP: Antarctic Peninsula), information of localities (with abbreviations), coordinates, number of samples used from each locality for each marker (HVRI and 11 microsatellite loci), genetic diversity indices’ results (N: sample size; H: number of haplotypes; S: number of polymorphic sites; Hd: haplotype diversity; π: nucleotide diversity; ∏: pairwise difference, A: mean number of alleles per locus; Ho: mean observed heterozygosity; He: mean expected heterozygosity and FIS: inbreeding coefficient) and neutrality tests (D: Tajima’D test, Fs: Fu’s Fs test)