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Table 3 Pairwise comparisons of genetic differentiation estimated from nucleotide divergence (ΦST, below the diagonal) and haplotype frequency (FST, above the diagonal). Asterisks indicate significant values (P < 0.05) calculated from 10.000 permutations. These significance values were subjected to a B-Y FDR correction [78], rendering a critical value of P < 0.0083; values that remain significant after the corection are shown in boldface

From: Parapatric genetic divergence among deep evolutionary lineages in the Mediterranean green crab, Carcinus aestuarii (Brachyura, Portunoidea, Carcinidae), accounts for a sharp phylogeographic break in the Eastern Mediterranean

  Algerian Basin Afro-Sicilian Basin Adriatic Sea Ionian Sea Aegean Sea Sea of Marmara
TAB BIZ SIR KEL BKH MON CHE SFX DJR TRP MOS VEN POM AMV LFK NVR ALX IZM EDL DRD PRI BS
TAB * 0.000 −0.032 −0.045 0.165* 0.090* 0.048 0.103* 0.098* 0.035 0.081 −0.006 0.012 −0.016 −0.044 −0.039 0.235* 0.311* 0.190* 0.267* 0.243* 0.152*
BIZ 0.005 * 0.027 0.028 0.235* 0.061* 0.021 0.070* 0.061* 0.046 0.062* 0.010 0.013 0.025 0.002 −0.007 0.178* 0.240* 0.140* 0.198* 0.185* 0.095*
SIR 0.006 0.034 * −0.065 0.131* 0.073 0.051 0.115* 0.085* 0.078 0.045 0.011 0.045 −0.019 −0.019 − 0.018 0.258* 0.336* 0.212* 0.294* 0.266* 0.180*
KEL 0.003 0.029 −0.025 * 0.087 0.102* 0.069 0.141* 0.116* 0.077 0.087 0.024 0.052 −0.033 −0.025 −0.022 0.278* 0.361* 0.229* 0.319* 0.286* 0.201*
BKH 0.043* 0.029 0.035* 0.044* * 0.403* 0.320* 0.385* 0.362* 0.375* 0.374* 0.292* 0.268* 0.107 0.170* 0.203* 0.530* 0.677* 0.443* 0.660* 0.537* 0.511*
MON 0.065 0.100* −0.048 0.040 0.112* * 0.012 0.026 0.020 0.025 −0.037 0.007 0.019 0.121* 0.068* 0.050 0.142* 0.204* 0.104* 0.156* 0.149* 0.051
CHE 0.103 0.136* −0.015 0.092 0.139 −0.063 * 0.020 0.022 0.009 0.033 0.007 −0.005 0.058 0.027 0.006 0.121* 0.180* 0.084* 0.133* 0.128* 0.030
SFX 0.512* 0.546* 0.396* 0.511* 0.557* 0.259* 0.187* * −0.030 0.047 0.043 0.038 0.029 0.129* 0.081* 0.062* 0.139* 0.198* 0.103* 0.153* 0.146* 0.052*
DJR 0.254* 0.293* 0.123 0.246* 0.300* 0.019 −0.019 0.043 * 0.067* 0.021 0.039 0.039* 0.109* 0.075* 0.055 0.155* 0.216* 0.118* 0.172* 0.163* 0.069*
TRP 0.008 0.056* −0.039 0.013 0.072* −0.027 − 0.009 0.369* 0.119 * 0.057 0.000 −0.000 0.103* 0.029 0.023 0.169* 0.234* 0.129* 0.187* 0.176* 0.080*
MOS 0.107 0.143* −0.020 0.085 0.154* −0.070 − 0.059 0.219* − 0.015 −0.002 * 0.008 0.031 0.108* 0.063 0.048 0.166* 0.230* 0.128* 0.184* 0.174* 0.079*
VEN 0.107 0.160* 0.047 0.136* 0.219* 0.066 0.086 0.456* 0.206* 0.010 0.076 * −0.014 0.040 −0.010 −0.017 0.160* 0.224* 0.121* 0.177* 0.167* 0.070*
POM −0.026 0.027 0.015 −0.000 0.024 0.080 0.119* 0.532* 0.281* −0.004 0.118* 0.070* * 0.051* 0.003 −0.007 0.131* 0.187* 0.097* 0.144* 0.138* 0.047*
AMV −0.008 0.020 0.011 0.002 −0.019 0.091* 0.119 0.532* 0.280* 0.036* 0.134* 0.154* 0.013 * −0.011 −0.016 0.248* 0.321* 0.204* 0.281* 0.256* 0.171*
LFK −0.014 0.047* −0.015 0.016 0.044* 0.014 0.047 0.423* 0.173* −0.025 0.041 −0.006 0.003 0.026 * −0.046 0.171* 0.231* 0.136* 0.190* 0.178* 0.100*
NVR 0.262* 0.320* 0.198* 0.270* 0.323* 0.134 0.127 0.297* 0.141* 0.174 0.125 0.218* 0.306* 0.296* 0.138 * 0.138* 0.198* 0.105* 0.153 0.146* 0.066
ALX 0.863* 0.871* 0.807* 0.864* 0.893* 0.731* 0.701* 0.660* 0.643* 0.786* 0.708* 0.816* 0.851* 0.867* 0.771* 0.454* * −0.039 −0.027 −0.082 −0.020 0.000
IZM 0.946* 0.936* 0.869* 0.947* 0.978* 0.771* 0.734* 0.687* 0.667* 0.843* 0.743* 0.884* 0.903* 0.938* 0.824* 0.491* 0.001 * −0.010 −0.080 −0.027 0.035
EDL 0.902* 0.903* 0.861* 0.903* 0.922* 0.802* 0.776* 0.734* 0.724* 0.845* 0.782* 0.867* 0.885* 0.902* 0.829* 0.578* −0.009 −0.041 * −0.048 − 0.008 −0.013
DRD 0.898* 0.898* 0.815* 0.899* 0.939* 0.707* 0.670* 0.626* 0.602* 0.785* 0.680* 0.831* 0.868* 0.897* 0.770* 0.385* −0.107 −0.024 −0.049 * −0.045 −0.006
PRI 0.889* 0.892* 0.833* 0.890* 0.917* 0.757* 0.727* 0.683* 0.669* 0.812* 0.734* 0.843* 0.870* 0.890* 0.796* 0.493* −0.030 0.000 −0.017 −0.062 * −0.019
BS 0.917* 0.913* 0.841* 0.917* 0.951* 0.745* 0.706* 0.657* 0.641* 0.814* 0.716* 0.855* 0.882* 0.912* 0.798* 0.454* −0.005 0.156 0.054 0.017 −0.029 *
  1. TAB Tabarka, BIZ Bizerte, SIR Sidi Rais, KEL Kelibia, BKH Benikhiar, MON Monastir, CHE Chebba, SFX Sfax, DJR Djerba, TRP Tripoli, MOS Mosrata, VEN Venice Lagoon, POM Pomer, AMV Amvrakikos, LFK Lefkada, NVR Navarino, ALX Alexandroupolis, IZM Izmir Bay, EDL Enez Dalyan Lagoon, DRD Dardanelles Strait, PRI Prince’s Islands, BS Bosphorus Strait