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Table 5 Parameter estimates of best supported Model 1

From: Ancient DNA reveals genetic connections between early Di-Qiang and Han Chinese

Population Prior Distribution Mean Mode 95% HPD Pseudo-observed
R2 Bias RMSE Coverage Factor 2
Mogou 1 100,000 Uniform 799 824 699 887 0.45 0.18 0.33 85 0.94
Hengbei 1 100,000 Uniform 1489 1559 1356 1759 0.84 0 0.11 90 1
Northern Han 1 100,000 Uniform 657 600 596 826 0.9 −0.1 0.26 90 1
T1 1 20,000 Uniform 5472 5661 5253 6389 0.76 −0.02 0.16 70 1
T2 1 20,000 Uniform 3505 3703 3301 3809 0.51 −0.02 0.15 80 1
a 0.01 1 Uniform 0.146 0.143 0.127 0.183 0.44 0.94 1.12 79 0.7
  1. Mogou, Hengbei, Northern Han are effective haploids
  2. T1, Divergence time between Mogou and Hengbei (yr BP)
  3. T2, admixture time between Mogou and Hengbei (yr BP)
  4. a, proportion of admixture from Mogou into Northern Han
  5. μ, mtDNA (control region) substitution rate 9.883 × 10−8 per site per year were used according to ancient DNA-calibrated rates [52]