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Table 1 Effects of male behaviour and male social status on offspring activity after Round 1 (A, N = 395 offspring) and Round 2 (B, N = 611 offspring) of the experiment and across both rounds combined (C). Statistical parameters come from a linear mixed model (REML) with a Type II Wald Χ 2 test. Parental IDs are included as random variables in all models

From: Paternal personality and social status influence offspring activity in zebrafish

  Χ2 df P
A
Age 0.28 1 0.60
Male behaviour (PC1pre) 2.03 1 0.15
Male social status (MSS) 2.28 1 0.52
Age x PC1pre 3.45 1 0.06
Age x MSS 2.82 1 0.42
PC1pre x MSS 16.32 1 0.001*
Age xPC1pre x MSS 15.30 1 0.002*
B
Age 18.72 1 <0.001*
Male behaviour (PC1pre) 20.74 1 <0.001*
Male social status (MSS) 12.83 3 0.005*
Age x PC1pre 20.31 1 <0.001*
Age x MSS 12.09 3 0.007*
PC1pre x MSS 23.35 3 <0.001*
Age x PC1pre x MSS 23.62 3 <0.001*
C
Age 11.61 1 <0.001*
Behaviour (PC1pre) 27.51 1 <0.001*
Social status A (MSSA) 0.09 1 0.77
Social status B (MSSB) 2.69 1 0.10
MSSA x MSSB 2.71 1 0.099
Age x PC1pre 29.74 1 <0.001*
Age x MSSA 0.25 1 0.62
Age x MSSB 3.31 1 0.13
PC1pre x MSSA 0.40 1 0.53
PC1pre x MSSB 0.08 1 0.78
Age x MSSA x MSSB 3.25   0.07
Age x PC1pre x MSSA 0.28 1 0.60
Age x PC1pre x MSSB 0.20 1 0.66
PC1pre x MSSA x MSSB 5.65 1 0.02*
Age x PC1pre x MSSA x MSSB 5.63 1 0.02*
  1. * indicates significance (α < 0.05)