Skip to main content

Table 1 Overview of Triticeae and outgroup taxa considered

From: Dated tribe-wide whole chloroplast genome phylogeny indicates recurrent hybridizations within Triticeae

Species Genome Ploidy (N) Distribution area
Aegilops bicornis Jaub. & Spach S* 2× (4) SE Mediterranean
Aegilops biuncialis Vis. UM 4× (4) SW-SE Europe, N Africa, SW Asia
Aegilops columnaris Zhuk. UM 4× (2) SW Asia
Aegilops comosa Sm. M 2× (4) Balkans
Aegilops crassa Boiss. DM/DDM 4× (1)/6× (2) SW Asia
Aegilops cylindrica Host DC 4× (2) SE Europe, W Asia
Aegilops geniculata Roth MU 4× (3) E Europe, W Asia, Macaronesia
Aegilops juvenalis Eig DMU 6× (2) SW Asia,
Aegilops kotschyi Boiss. S*U 4× (1) SW Asia, NE Africa
Aegilops longissima Schweinf. & Muschl. S* 2× (5) E Mediterranean
Aegilops markgrafii (Greuter) K. Hammer C 2× (5) NE Mediterranean
Aegilops neglecta Req. ex Bertol. UM/UMN 4× (2)/6× (2) Mediterranean to SW Asia
Aegilops peregrina (Hack.) Maire & Weiller SU 4× (1) SW Asia, N Africa
Aegilops searsii Feldman & Kislev S* 2× (5) E Mediterranean
Aegilops sharonensis Eig S* 2× (1) Israel, Lebanon
Aegilops speltoides Tausch S 2× (6) E Mediterranean
Aegilops tauschii Coss. D 2× (4) SW–C Asia
Aegilops triuncialis L. UC 4× (2) Mediterranean to SW Asia
Aegilops umbellulata Zhuk. U 2× (3) SE Europe, SW Asia
Aegilops uniaristata Vis. N 2× (3) SE Europe
Aegilops ventricosa Tausch DN 4× (2) SW Europe, N Africa
Agropyron cristatum (L.) Gaertn. P 2× (2)/4× (4) S Europe, NECW Asia
Amblyopyrum muticum (Boiss.) Eig T 2× (6) Turkey
Australopyrum retrofractum (Vickery) A. Löve W 2× (4) SE Australia
Dasypyrum villosum (L.) P. Candargy V 2× (5) SW–SE Europe, Caucasus
Eremopyrum bonaepartis (Spreng.) Nevski Ft/Xe/FtXe 2×/4× (5) SE–E Europe, WC Asia
Eremopyrum triticeum (Gaertn.) Nevski Ft 2× (3) SE–E Europe, WC Asia
Henrardia persica (Boiss.) C.E. Hubb. O 2× (4) SE Europe, SW Asia
Heteranthelium piliferum Hochst. ex Jaub. & Spach Q 2× (4) SE Europe, SW Asia
Hordeum bulbosum L. I 4× (1) Mediterranean to C Asia
Hordeum marinum Huds. Xa 2× (1) Mediterranean
Hordeum murinum L. Xu 2× (1) Mediterranean to C Asia
Hordeum pubiflorum Hook. f. I 2× (1) S Argentina
Hordeum vulgare L. H 2× (2) SW Asia
Psathyrostachys juncea (Fisch.) Nevski Ns 2× (6) E Europe, NC Asia
Pseudoroegneria cognata (Hack.) A. Löve St 6× (1) SW Asia, West Himalaya
Pseudoroegneria spicata (Pursh) A. Löve St 2× (2)/6× (1) NW of Northern America
Pseudoroegneria stipifolia (Czern. ex Nevski) A. Löve St 2× (1)/4×(2) E Europe, N Caucasus
Pseudoroegneria strigosa (M. Bieb.) A. Löve St 2× (2)/6× (2) Balkans, Crimea
Pseudoroegneria tauri (Boiss. & Balansa) A. Löve St 2× (5) E Mediterranean, S Caucasus
Secale cereale L. R 2× (4) Turkey
Secale strictum C. Presl R 2× (4) S Europe, SW Asia, N Africa
Taeniatherum caput-medusae (L.) Nevski Ta 2× (6) S Europe, SW Asia, N Africa
Thinopyrum distichum (Thunb.) A. Löve E 4× (2) S Africa
Thinopyrum spp. Löve E 6× (1)/8× (2) SE Europe, SW Asia, N Africa
Triticum aestivum L. BAD 6× (6) Caucasus, Iran
Triticum monococcum L. A 2× (10) Turkey
Triticum timopheevii (Zhuk.) Zhuk. GA 4× (7) SW Asia
Triticum turgidum L. BA 4× (10) Lebanon
Triticum urartu Thumanjan ex Gandilyan A 2× (5) E Mediterranean, Caucasus
Triticum zhukovskyyi Menabde & Ericzjan GAA 6× (1) Caucasus
Brachypodium distachyon (L.) P. Beauv.   4× (1) S Europe, SW Asia, N Africa
Brachypodium pinnatum L.) P. Beauv.   4× (1) Europe, NCW Asia, NE Africa
Bromus inermis Leyss.   4× (1) SW Asia, Caucasus
Bromus tectorum L.   4× (1) Europe, SW Asia, N Africa
  1. The genome, determined ploidy levels, number of included accessions (N), and the main native distribution for all taxa sequenced in this study is given. The genomes names of allopolyploid Aegilops taxa are follwing Kilian et al. [74] and Li et al. [84] for S*. Genome denominations for Hordeum follow Blattner [107], and Bernhardt [12] for the remaining taxa. Different seed banks adopt different taxonomic treatments that may vary in the number of (sub)species recognized. More comprehensive information about the used accessions, including the species names used in the donor seed bank and the country of origin is provided in Additional file 1: Table S1