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Table 1 Estimates of natural log-transformed testosterone concentrations of male stonechats in relation to latitude and breeding phase

From: Testosterone, territorial response, and song in seasonally breeding tropical and temperate stonechats

  Estimates and 95% credible intervals Estimates and 95% credible intervals Estimates and 95% credible intervals
Africa (intercept) Europe Difference Africa – Europe
Breeding phase
 Early (intercept) 7.18 [6.84, 7.51] 7.48 [6.74, 8.24] 0.31 [-0.12, 0.73]
 Medium 6.74 [6.11, 7.37] 7.05 [6.0, 8.1]  
 Late 5.83 [5.05, 6.62] 6.13 [4.94, 7.35]  
  1. Columns show Bayesian estimates and credible intervals. When zero is not included within the credible intervals of the differences there is a detectable effect of this parameter on the dependent variable (printed in bold).