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Table 5 Global mating system predictive model: exploratory global multiple regression model for MS; linear mixed-effects kinship model incorporating phylogenetic and within-species variance-covariance fit by maximum likelihood (residual error: 0.129), with all possible putative fixed effect predictors

From: Identifying environmental versus phylogenetic correlates of behavioural ecology in gibbons: implications for conservation management of the world’s rarest ape

Coefficient Estimate SE z-value P-value
(Intercept) 0.34 0.16 2.07 0.039
Group size 1.36 0.50 1.86 0.063
Home range 0.50 0.23 1.82 0.069
NDVI −0.59 0.30 −1.79 0.073
Altitude 0.16 0.10 1.72 0.085
Reserve area −0.06 0.03 −1.66 0.097
Species adult body mass 0.45 0.33 1.38 0.170
GHF −0.32 0.31 −1.03 0.310
Annual precipitation −0.18 0.24 −0.73 0.460
Precipitation seasonality −0.27 0.37 −0.74 0.460
Latitude 0.00 0.01 0.37 0.710
Longitude 0.00 0.01 0.28 0.780
Annual mean temperature 0.01 0.03 0.24 0.810
Group density 0.02 0.08 0.22 0.830
  1. P-values <0.05 are in bold