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Table 5 Results from analysis of molecular variance (AMOVA) in four intertidal and subtidal species. For each species, locations were divided into two groups (Yellow Sea group and East plus South China Seas group) according to the Yangtze River Estuary. Reference: Cellana toreuma, Dong et al. [20]; Sargassum horneri, Hu et al. [36]; Atrina pectinata, Liu et al. [37]. **P < 0.01, ***P < 0.001

From: Causations of phylogeographic barrier of some rocky shore species along the Chinese coastline

Species marker Among groups Among locations within groups Within locations
   d.f. ΦCT % Var d.f. ΦSC % Var d.f. ΦST % Var
Rocky shore
Siphonaria japonica
COI 1 0.30265** 30.27 7 −0.00514 −0.36 234 0.29907*** 70.09
ITS 1 0.06875** 6.87 7 0.00028 0.03 224 0.06901*** 93.10
Cellana toreuma
COI 1 0.19393** 19.39 13 −0.00259 −0.21 403 0.19185*** 80.82
Sargassum horneri
COIII 1 0.00367 0.37 5 0.15198*** 15.14 100 0.15510*** 85.49
Muddy shore
Atrina pectinata
COI 1 0.00391 0.39 6 −0.01297 −1.29 129 −0.00901 100.90