Dynamics of the abnormality rate (AR) in the offspring (F
) generation in 2011–2013. (a) The tAR(F1) changes of 7 localities. Statistically significant differences between two time-points in multiple pairs (Scheffe test) or multiple comparisons (Friedman test) are indicated in all panels in this figure. Time points with a lack of data are indicated by blank circles with dotted lines (also in other panels in this figure). (b) The aAR(F1) changes in 7 localities. (c) The tAR(F1), aAR(F1), and aAR(P) changes in 5 localities combined.