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Table 1 Summary data from paternity analysis of five Vespula species

From: Colony size is linked to paternity frequency and paternity skew in yellowjacket wasps and hornets

  Site Year n c n w k k e k e3 B # W NDE
V. acadica WA 2008-2013 10 19.9 (19, 20) 2.00 (1.42, 2.58) 1.47 (1.17, 1.98) 1.51 (1.18, 2.08) 0.044 - 4.7e-4a (1.3e-3)b
V. atropilosa WA 2008-2013 10 20.1 (19, 23) 2.40 (1.80, 3.00) 1.67 (1.37, 2.14) 1.72 (1.39, 2.26) 0.10 - 2.5e-3a (1.3e-2)b
V. consobrina WA 20082013 12 20.4 (18, 24) 2.83 (2.00, 3.66) 1.82 (1.43, 2.50) 1.89 (1.46, 2.68) 0.069 98 (52.0) 8.0e-6
V. vidua NY 2012-2013 10 19.8 (18, 21) 3.00 (2.12, 3.88) 2.01 (1.62, 2.67) 2.12 (1.67, 2.90) 0.056 172 (103.3) 1.7e-5a (4.1e-5)b
V. flavopilosa NY 2012-2013 10 19.6 (18, 20) 3.80 (3.10, 4.50) 2.80 (2.34, 3.49) 3.07 (2.50, 3.97) 0.033 899 (718.2) 1.4e-3
  1. Colony data used to generate these summary values are presented in Additional file 1: Table S2. Site: WA collection occurred in Thurston, Co., Washington. NY collection occurred in Tompkins Co., New York. n c : number of colonies analyzed. n w : arithmetic mean (range) of the number of female offspring genotyped per colony. k: arithmetic mean (95% CI) of the number of male mates detected. k e : harmonic mean (95% CI) of the uncorrected estimate of effective paternity. k e3 : harmonic mean (95% CI) of effective paternity corrected for sample size [37]. B: arithmetic mean paternity skew using the B index [38]. # W: arithmetic mean (SD) number of workers collected in mature colonies. NDE: male non-detection error (see text). a. estimate for male non-detection error assuming all parental genotypes are known. b. upper estimate for male non-detection error, accounting for uncertain parental genotypes.